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M. Dubois, K. A. Gilles, J. K. Hamilton, P. A. Rebers and F. Smith, “Colorimetric Method for Determination of Sugars and Related Substances,” Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 28, 1956, pp. 350-356.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Lab-Scale Performance Evaluation of Vertical Flow Reed Beds for the Treatment of Chlorobenzene Contaminated Groundwater

    AUTHORS: Gerard Merlin, Nathalie Cottin

    KEYWORDS: Organochlorine; Constructed Wetlands; Phytoremediation; Bioaugmentation; Micropollutants

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol.3 No.8A, August 21, 2012

    ABSTRACT: Chlorinated Benzenes (CBs) that were released into the environment contaminate groundwater at many existing and former industrial sites. A research program was initiated to investigate the ecoremediation of CBs contaminated groundwater using subsurface flow constructed wetlands. Four lab-scale experiments were performed to evaluate re- moval efficiency with different operation conditions. The first experiment was achieved with two different solid-state materials: a peat and a lava stone (pozzolana). In order to stimulate biological activity, organic matter coming from an aged Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands (VFCW) was added to the media. Mass balance was determined to assess the fate of these pollutants in this system. The biofiltres of the second experiment were constructed with the same materials but bioaugmentation was realized by adding organic matter of VFCW or by bacteria inoculums. Peat and pozzolana biofiltres planted with Phragmites australis constituted the third experiment to evaluate the effect of plants. Bioaugmen- tation was constituted by the addition of OM coming from aged VFCW. Compost mixed with pozzolana was the solid-state material of the fourth experiment. Columns were made of two stages. The first stage was unplanted and the second stage was planted with Phragmites. Peat has been replaced by compost, a renewable material. Lab-scale biofil- tres remove CBs with an efficiency of 70% - 99%, depending on studied media and conditions. Greater efficiency was observed with bioaugmented media. Volatilization was very low (