Integrated Geophysical Study of the Lower Indus Platform Basin Area of Pakistan


Integrating various data sets to provide one optimal subsurface image is a major goal of geophysicst. In this paper, there is a synergetic approach used to delineate the tectonic-structural framework with analyzing the hydrocarbon reservoir in the Lower Indus Platform basin of Pakistan. The reflected seismic profiles and potential field map constitute the data base of this study. Our study in the line of the previous research is resulted from important oil and gas discoveries contained in the Early Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic formations of the Lower Indus Platform basin area. The result shows trapping mechanism in the Lower Indus Platform basin involves of the fault blocks and stratigraphic traps are present in the area. The more refined images are interpreted to provide greater insight into detailed integrated geophysical study of area.

Share and Cite:

N. Khan, A. Konaté and P. Zhu, "Integrated Geophysical Study of the Lower Indus Platform Basin Area of Pakistan," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 9, 2013, pp. 1242-1247. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.49118.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] A. H. Kazmi and R. A. Rana, “Tectonics Map of Pakistan,” Geological Survey, Pakistan, 1982.
[2] H. A. Raza and R. Ahmed, “Hydrocarbon Potential of Pakistan,” Journal of Canada Pakistan Cooperation, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1990, pp. 9-27.
[3] S. M. Shuaib, “Geology and Hydrocarbon Potential of Offshore Indus Basin,” AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 66, No. 7, 1982, pp. 940-946.
[4] H. A. Raza, R. Ahmed, S. Alam and S. M. Ali, “Petroleum Zones of Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1989, pp. 1-19.
[5] H. A. Raza, “Exploration Strategy for Frontier Regions of Pakistan,” 1st Annual Technical Convention of PAPG, Islamabad, 26-27 September 1997.
[6] V. Quadri and S. M. Shuaib, “Hydrocarbon Prospects of Southern Indus Basin, Pakistan,” AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 70, No. 6, 1986, pp. 730-747.
[7] E. G. Bowles, “Under Explored Basins of Pakistan, an Oil Company’s Perspective,” 1st Annual Technical Convention of PAPG, Islamabad, 26-27 September 1997.
[8] A. H. Kazmi and M. Q. Jan, “Geology and Tectonics of Pakistan,” Graphic Publishers, Karachi, 1997.
[9] M. Z. Farshori, “The Geology of Sindh,” University of Sindh, Jamshoro, 1972.
[10] R. B. Smith and R. L. Bruhn, “Interpolate Extensional Tectonics of the Eastern Basin Range—Inferences on Structural Style from Seismic Reflection Data, Regional-Tectonics and Thermal-Mechanical Models of Brittle-Ductile Deformation,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 89, No. B7, 1984, pp. 5733-5762.
[11] I. B. Kadri, “Petroleum Geology of Pakistan,” Pakistan Petroleum Limited, Ferozsons (pvt) Limited, 1995.
[12] M. W. A. Iqbal and S. M. I. Shah, “A Guide to the Stratigraphy of Pakistan,” Geological Survey of Pakistan, Quetta, 1980.
[13] A. Naveed, “Speculative Models for the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath the Indus Offshore Basin,” A Preliminary Study Based on Limited Deep Seismic Reflection and Potential Field Anomaly Data, OGDC Petro Canada Indus Offshore Report, 1987.
[14] J. E. Nafe and C. L. Drake, “Physical Properties of Marine Sediments,” In: M. N. Hill, Ed., The Sea, 1963, pp. 794-813.
[15] I. N. Christensen, “Elasticity of Ultrabasic Rocks,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 71, No. 24, 1966, pp. 5921-5930.
[16] B. R. Naini and M. Talwani, “Structural Framework and the Evolutionary History of the Continental Margin of Western India,” AAPG Memoir, 1983.
[17] I. S. Rafat, “A Critical Review of Seismic P-Wave Velocities and Demonstration of their Utilization in Seismic Data Interpretation,” M.Phi1. Thesis, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 1996.
[18] C. H. Dix, “Seismic Velocities from Surface Measurements,” Geophysics, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1955, pp. 68-86.
[19] G. H. F. Gardner, L. W. Gardner and A. R. Gregory, “Formation Velocity and Density—The Diagnostic Basis for Structural Traps,” Geophysics, Vol. 39, No. 6, 1974, pp. 770-780.
[20] S. U. Siddiqui, “Hydrocarbon Potential, Offshore Pakistan,” 1st Annual Technical Convention of P.A.P.G., Islamabad, 26-27 September 1997.
[21] R. Ahmed, S. M. Ali and J. Ahmed, “Review of Petroleum Occurrence and Prospects of Pakistan with Special Reference to Adjoining Basins of India, Afghanistan and Iran,” Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research, Vol. 6, No. 1-2, 1994, pp. 7-18.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.