Providing an Extension of the SCORM Standard to Support the Educational Contents Project for t-Learning


Nowadays, the Interactive Digital Television (iDTV) has promoted and increased the communication and interaction for knowledge, entertainment and recreation in Distance Education. The t-Learning has been used as a new way of teaching and learning in the context of Learning Objects (LOs) assisting in electronic courses’ development. With the fast e-Learning progress, some efforts to standardization have appeared enabling the educational contents’ reusability and interoperability among systems. The most used standard is the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM). Therefore, this work is presenting the T-SCORM extension, which is aiming to adapt to the SCORM, thus improving the search and navigation of LOs with educational content for t-Learning. That will be done through an authoring tool named T-SCORM ADAPTER, and the final results will be showed in the application named T-SCORM-Moodle.

Share and Cite:

da Silva, F. , Neto, F. , Burlamaqui, A. , Demoly, K. and Pinto, J. (2015) Providing an Extension of the SCORM Standard to Support the Educational Contents Project for t-Learning. Creative Education, 6, 1201-1223. doi: 10.4236/ce.2015.611118.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Aarreniemi-Jokipelto, P. (2005). T-Learning Model for Learning via Digital TV. 16th EAEEIE Annual Conference on Innovation in Education for Electrical and Information Engineering (EIE), Lappeenranta, 6-8 June 2005, 1.
[2] ADL (2010). Advanced Distributed Learning.
[3] Beck, R. J. (2008). What Are Learning Objects? Learning Objects, Milwaukee, WI: Center for International Education, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
[4] Bellotti, F. (2008). T-Learning Courses Development and Presentation Framework. IEEE Multidisciplinary Engineering Education Magazine, 3, 69-76.
[5] Bellotti, F., Vrochidis, S., Ramel, S., Tsampoulatidis, I., Lhoas, P., & Pellegrino, M. (2008). A Technological Framework for the Authoring and Presentation of T-learning Courses. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 3.
[6] Doyle, M. (2009). Beginning PHP 5.3. Birmingham: Wrox Press Ltd.
[7] Gazzoni, A., Canal, A. P., Falkembach, G. A. M., Fioreze, L. A., Pincolini, L. B., & Antoniazzi, R. (2006). Proportionality and Similarity: Learning via Learning Objects. New Technologies in Education, 4.
[8] Girardi, R. (2002). Framework for Coordination and Mediation of Web Services Modeled as Learning Objects for Web Learning Environments. Master’s Thesis, Rio de Janeiro: PUC-Rio.
[9] Gomes, F. D. J. L. (2009). Exploring Learning Objects in Digital TV: A Case Study of Alternative Interaction. Doctorate Thesis, Porto Alegre: Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRS).
[10] LTSC (2002). Learning Technologies Standards Committee. IEEE Standard 1484.12.1.
[11] Lytras, M., Lougos, C., Chozos, P., & Pouloudi, A. (2002). Interactive Television and E-Learning Convergence: Examining the Potential of T-Learning. European Conference on e-Learning 2002 (ECEL 2002), Brunel University, Uxbridge, 4-5 November 2002.
[12] Naidu, S. (2006). E-Learning: A Guidebook of Principles, Procedures and Practices (2nd Revised ed.). New Delhi: Commonwealth Educational Media Center for Asia (CEMCA).
[13] NISO (2004). Understanding Metadata. Bethesda, MD: NISO Press, National Information Standards Organization.
[14] Pazos-Arias, J. J., López-Nores, M., García-Duque, J., Díaz-Redondo, R. P., Blanco-Fernández, Y., Ramos-Cabrer, M., Gil-Solla, A., & Fernández-Vilas, A. (2008). Provision of Distance Learning Services over Interactive Digital TV with MHP. Computers & Educatio, 50, 927-949.
[15] Pontes, A. (2010). An Agents Architecture to Support Collaboration for Learning Problem-Based in Virtual Learning Environments. Master’s Thesis, Mossoro: Federal University of Semi Arid (UFERSA).
[16] Rey-Lopez, M., Diaz-Redondo, R. P., Fernandez-Vilas, A., Pazos-Arias, J. J., Garcia-Duque, J., Gil-Solla, A., & Ramos-Cabrer, M. (2009). An extension to the ADL SCORM Standard to Support Adaptivity: The t-Learning Case-Study. Computer Standards & Interfaces, 31, 309-318.
[17] Roebuck, K. (2012). Data Warehousing: High-Impact Strategies—What You Need To Know: Definitions, Adoptions, Impact, Benefits, Maturity, Vendors. Queensland: Emereo Publishing.
[18] Shih, W.-C., Yang, C.-T., & Tseng, S.-S. (2011). Fuzzy Folksonomy-Based Index Creation for e-Learning Content Retrieval on Cloud Computing Environments. 2011 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ), Taipei, 27-30 June 2011, 965-970.
[19] Silva, F. M., Mendes Neto, F. M., Burlamaqui, A. M. F., & Bezerra, D. H. D. (2012). T-SCORM: An Extension of the SCORM Standard to Support the Project of Educational Contents for t-Learning. Creative Education, 3, 101-108.
[20] Simoes, D., Luis, R., & Horta, N. (2004). Enhancing the SCORM Modelling Scope. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, Joensuu, 30 August-1 September 2004, 880-881.
[21] Yin, R. K. (2005). Case Study: Planning and Methods 3. Brazil: Editora Bookman.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.