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L. Marochnik, D. Usikov and G. Vereshkov, “Graviton, Ghost and Instanton Condensation on Horizon Scale of the Universe. Dark Energy as Macroscopic Effect of Quantum Gravity,” arXiv: 0811.4484v2 [gr-qc], 2008, pp. 1-93.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Quantum Gravity in Heisenberg Representation and Self-Consistent Theory of Gravitons in Macroscopic Spacetime

    AUTHORS: Grigory Vereshkov, Leonid Marochnik

    KEYWORDS: Quantum Gravity

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Modern Physics, Vol.4 No.2, February 27, 2013

    ABSTRACT: The first mathematically consistent exact equations of quantum gravity in the Heisenberg representation and Hamilton gauge are obtained. It is shown that the path integral over the canonical variables in the Hamilton gauge is mathematically equivalent to the operator equations of quantum theory of gravity with canonical rules of quantization of the gravitational and ghost fields. In its operator formulation, the theory can be used to calculate the graviton S-matrix as well as to describe the quantum evolution of macroscopic system of gravitons in the non-stationary Universe or in the vicinity of relativistic objects. In the S-matrix case, the standard results are obtained. For problems of the second type, the original Heisenberg equations of quantum gravity are converted to a self-consistent system of equations for the metric of the macroscopic space time and Heisenberg operators of quantum fields. It is shown that conditions of the compatibility and internal consistency of this system of equations are performed without restrictions on the amplitude and wavelength of gravitons and ghosts. The status of ghost fields in the various formulations of quantum theory of gravity is discussed.