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N. S. Correal and N. Patwari, “Wireless sensor networks: Challenges and opportunities,” in Proceedings of the 2001 Virginia Tech Symposium on Wireless Personal Com-munications, pp. 1-9, June 2001.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: An Energy-Aware Clustering Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks

    AUTHORS: Peter K. K. Loh, Yi Pan

    KEYWORDS: Energy-Aware, Routing Protocol, Wireless Sensor Network, Energy Efficiency, Reliable Routing

    JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol.2 No.2, May 14, 2009

    ABSTRACT: Energy conservation is an essential and critical requirement for a wireless sensor network with battery oper-ated nodes intended for long term operations. Prior work has described different approaches to routing protocol designs that achieve energy efficiency in a wireless sensor network. Several of these works involve variations of mote-to-mote routing (flat routing) while some make use of leader nodes in clusters to perform routing (hierarchical routing). A key question then arises as to how the performance of an energy-aware, flat routing protocol compare with that of one based on hierarchical routing. This paper demonstrates a hierarchical routing protocol design that can conserve significant energy in its setup phase as well as during its steady state data dissemination phase. This paper describes the design of this protocol and evaluates its performance against existing energy-aware flat routing protocols. Simulation results show that it exhibits competitive performance against the flat routing protocols.