Fan, J.H. (2017) Clinicopathologic Significance and Correlation of YAP, TAZ and β-Catenin Expression in Gastric Cancer. Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, 12-14.
ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the difference of YAP-positive expression between GC and adjacent tissues, as well as the association of elevated YAP expression with clinicopathological features of GC. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science databases and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception up to December 2018. The pooled ORs and corresponding 95% CIs were used to assess the strength of association. The heterogeneity among eligible studies was evaluated by the Q-test and I2 values. The sensitivity analysis was performed by sequential omission of individual studies. Moreover, Begg’s test and Egger’s test were used to evaluate publication bias. Results: A total of 2229 patients from 16 studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed that positive YAP expression was closely correlated with GC but not adjacent non-tumor tissue (OR = 8.08, 95% CI = 4.41 - 14.80). Additionally, YAP overexpression was found to be associated with more advanced TNM stage (OR = 2.68, 95% CI = 1.61 - 4.48), deeper invasion depth (OR = 2.05, 95% CI = 1.32 - 3.19), and lymph node metastasis (OR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.29 - 2.96). No significant correlation was observed between YAP overexpression and degree of differentiation (OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.63 - 2.16), as well as gender of patients (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 0.91 - 1.37) or tumor size (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 0.82 - 1.49) of gastric cancer. Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that YAP might be a promising diagnostic marker and even a therapeutic target for gastric cancer.