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Sakai, K., Hikosaka, O., Miyauchi, S., Takino, R., Sasaki, Y. and Putz, B. (1998) Transition of Brain Activation from Frontal to Parietal Areas in Visuomotor Sequence Learning. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 1827-1840.
https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.18-05-01827.1998

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Effects of Task Order Administration on Test Scores from the Trail Making Test: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Investigations

    AUTHORS: Chie Takeda, Masako Notoya, Nobuyuki Sunahara

    KEYWORDS: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, Prefrontal Cortex, Trail Making Test, Cognitive Function, Healthy Subjects

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Neuroscience, Vol.10 No.1, February 12, 2020

    ABSTRACT: This research examines the effects of task administration on Trail Making Test performance. The TMT consists of two parts, TMT Part A and TMT Part B. Generally, it has been believed that the order the two parts are completed does not influence test results; however, there is one previous study that has suggested that the order is indeed an influential factor on test scores. To measure frontal lobe function, the present study used near-infrared spectroscopy to measure changes in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) in 48 young, healthy Japanese subjects as they completed Parts A and B. We subtracted the change in oxy-Hb while completing Part A from that while completing Part B (B-A Oxy-Hb) for a comparison to facilitate an investigation of how, or if, the order in which the TMT is taken influences test success. We found that when Part A was completed first, there were only small changes in the B-A oxy-Hb, but when Part B was completed first, there were larger changes. This study indicates that the order the tests are completed in may influence outcomes, thus assessments using the TMT must follow a consistent task order.