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Article citations


Sakai, K., Hikosaka, O., Miyauchi, S., Takino, R., Sasaki, Y. and Putz, B. (1998) Transition of Brain Activation from Frontal to Parietal Areas in Visuomotor Sequence Learning. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 1827-1840.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Effects of Task Order Administration on Test Scores from the Trail Making Test: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Investigations

    AUTHORS: Chie Takeda, Masako Notoya, Nobuyuki Sunahara

    KEYWORDS: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, Prefrontal Cortex, Trail Making Test, Cognitive Function, Healthy Subjects

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Neuroscience, Vol.10 No.1, February 12, 2020

    ABSTRACT: This research examines the effects of task administration on Trail Making Test performance. The TMT consists of two parts, TMT Part A and TMT Part B. Generally, it has been believed that the order the two parts are completed does not influence test results; however, there is one previous study that has suggested that the order is indeed an influential factor on test scores. To measure frontal lobe function, the present study used near-infrared spectroscopy to measure changes in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) in 48 young, healthy Japanese subjects as they completed Parts A and B. We subtracted the change in oxy-Hb while completing Part A from that while completing Part B (B-A Oxy-Hb) for a comparison to facilitate an investigation of how, or if, the order in which the TMT is taken influences test success. We found that when Part A was completed first, there were only small changes in the B-A oxy-Hb, but when Part B was completed first, there were larger changes. This study indicates that the order the tests are completed in may influence outcomes, thus assessments using the TMT must follow a consistent task order.