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The Committee of Pulmonary Physiology, Japanese Respiratory Society (2004) Guidelines for pulmonary function tests. Spirometry, Flow-Volume Curve, Diffusing Capacity of the Lung. Japanese Respiratory Society, Tokyo.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Effects of Direct Switching Dual Bronchodilators between Dry Powder and Soft Mist Inhalers in COPD Patients

    AUTHORS: Taisuke Akamatsu, Toshihiro Shirai, Hiromasa Nakayasu, Kanami Tamura, Toshihiro Masuda, Shingo Takahashi, Yuko Tanaka, Hirofumi Watanabe, Yutaro Kishimoto, Kyohei Oishi, Mika Saigusa, Akito Yamamoto, Satoru Morita, Kazuhiro Asada

    KEYWORDS: Device, Dry Powder Inhaler, Dual Bronchodilator, Soft Mist Inhaler, Switching

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases, Vol.10 No.1, February 10, 2020

    ABSTRACT: Objective: Dual bronchodilation with long-acting muscarinic antagonist and long-acting β2-agonist combinations are available worldwide in COPD patients. However, the choice of agents remains under debate. We hypothesized that switching devices between dry powder and soft mist inhalers without a wash-out period to mimic clinical practice would improve clinical symptoms and lung function. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of switching between once-daily glycopyrronium/indacaterol (GLY/IND) or umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI), dry powder inhalers, and tiotropium/olodaterol (TIO/OLO), a soft mist inhaler, in COPD patients. Methods: This was a prospective, open-label, 8-week, observational study with follow-up. Subjects included 57 COPD patients, who attended outpatient clinics at Shizuoka General Hospital for routine check-ups between February and December 2015, receiving GLY/IND (50/110 μg) or UMEC/VI (62.5/25 μg). After an 8-week run-in period, medications were switched to TIO/OLO (5/5 μg). Study outcomes included patient’s global rating (PGR), modified MRC (mMRC), COPD assessment test (CAT), and spirometric and forced oscillatory parameters after 8 weeks. PGR used in this study was a 7-point scale ranging from 1 to 7, with 4 in the middle. Patients who consented to switch from TIO/OLO to GLY/IND or UMEC/VI were followed-up thereafter. Results: In total, 53 patients completed the study (mean age, 75 years; 48 males and 5 females; GOLD 1/2/3/4 = 19/27/6/1; mMRC 0/1/2/3/4 = 14/22/12/4/1; UMEC/VI 26, GLY/IND 27). PGR, mMRC, and CAT improved in 20 (38%), 9 (17%), and 15 patients (28%), respectively. Respiratory system resistance at 5 Hz (R5), 20 Hz (R20), and the difference between R5 and R20 (R5 - R20) significantly improved. In a follow-up of 16 patients after switching from TIO/OLO to UMEC/VI (9) or GLY/IND (7), PGR, mMRC, and CAT improved in 5 (31%), 3 (12%), and 4 patients (25%), respectively, and R20 significantly improved (p = 0.011). Conclusions: Switching dual bronchodilators between dry powder and soft mist inhalers improves symptoms and airway narrowing in some COPD patients.