SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat

Article citations


Alkaradaghi, K., Ali, S.S., Al-Ansari, N. and Laue, J. (2018) Evaluation of Land Use & Land Cover Change Using Multi-Temporal Landsat Imagery: A Case Study Sulaimaniyah Governorate, Iraq. Journal of Geographic Information System, 10, 247-260.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Comparison of Urban Growth Modeling Using Deep Belief and Neural Network Based Cellular Automata Model—A Case Study of Chennai Metropolitan Area, Tamil Nadu, India

    AUTHORS: Aishwarya Devendran Aarthi, Lakshmanan Gnanappazham

    KEYWORDS: Deep Belief, Neural Network, Cellular Automata, Urban Prediction, Entropy Analysis, Chennai Metropolitan Area

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol.11 No.1, January 21, 2019

    ABSTRACT: Urban Growth Models (UGMs) are very essential for a sustainable development of a city as they predict the future urbanization based on the present scenario. Neural Network based Cellular Automata models have proved to predict the urban growth more close to reality. Recently, deep learning based techniques are being used for the prediction of urban growth. In this current study, urban growth of Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) of 2017 was predicted using Neural Network based Cellular Automata (NN-CA) model and Deep belief based Cellular Automata (DB-CA) model using 2010 and 2013 urban maps. Since the study area experienced congested type of urban growth, “Existing Built-Up” of 2013 alone was used as the agent of urbanization to predict urban growth in 2017. Upon validating, DB-CA model proved to be the better model, as it predicted 524.14 km2 of the study area as urban with higher accuracy (kappa co-efficient: 0.73) when compared to NN-CA model which predicted only 502.42 km2 as urban (kappa co-efficient: 0.71), while the observed urban cover of CMA in 2017 was 572.11 km2. This study also aimed at analyzing the effects of different types of neighbourhood configurations (Rectangular: 3 × 3, 5 × 5, 7 × 7 and Circular: 3 × 3) on the prediction output based on DB-CA model. To understand the direction and type of the urban growth, the study area was divided into five distance based zones with the State Secretariat as the center and entropy values were calculated for the zones. Results reveal that Chennai Corporation and its periphery experience congested urbanization whereas areas away from the Corporation boundary follow dispersed type of urban growth in 2017.