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Shimizu, K. and Ikeya, C. (1989) Indoor Test of Ice and Snow Tires on Iced Drum- Development of Tester and Characteristics of Coated Ice for Test. SAE Technical Paper 890004, 47-52.
https://doi.org/10.4271/890004

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Finite Element Analysis of Tire Traction Using a Rubber-Ice Friction Model

    AUTHORS: Hyun Chul Jung, Woo Cheol Park, Kyoung Moon Jeong

    KEYWORDS: Tire, Ice Surface, Finite Element Method, Frictional Model, Temperature, Slid-ing Velocity

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol.8 No.11, November 12, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The friction of road surface covered by snow or ice is very low and that results in reducing vehicle traction forces and potential traffic accidents. In general, to establish a master curve on a rubber-ice friction model is difficult because the ice surface, being not far removed from its melting point, reacts itself very sen-sitively to pressure, speed, and temperature changes. In this paper, an accepta-ble frictional interaction model was implemented to finite element method to rationally examine the frictional interaction behavior on ice between the tire and the road surface. The formula of friction characteristic according to tem-perature and sliding velocity on the ice surface was applied for tire traction analysis. Numerical results were verified by comparing the outdoor test data and it was confirmed to indicate similar correlation. It is found that the rub-ber-ice friction model will be useful for the improvement of the ice traction performance of tire.