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Morand-Fehr, P., Chilliard, Y. and Bas, P. (1986) Impact of Including Fats in the Ration on Yield and Composition of Ruminant Milk. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 64, 59-72.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Improving the Quality of Milk Fatty Acid in Dairy Cows Supplemented with Soybean Oil and DHA-Micro Algae in a Confined Production System

    AUTHORS: Gerardo Antonio Gagliostro, Liliana Elisabet Antonacci, Carolina Daiana Pérez, Luciana Rossetti, Augusto Carabajal

    KEYWORDS: Dairy Cows, Milk Fatty Acids, Conjugated Linoleic Acid, Docosahexaenoic Acid

    JOURNAL NAME: Agricultural Sciences, Vol.9 No.9, September 13, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The objective was to reduce saturated fatty acids (SFA) and increase conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, cis-9, trans-11 C18:2), α-linolenic (cis-9, cis-12, cis-15 C18:3) and docosahexaenoic (DHA, C22:6) contents in milk from confined dairy cows in order to promote a healthier option. The work was carried out in a commercial farm (Talar) located in Laguna del Sauce, Maldonado (Uruguay). Twenty four cows were assigned to one of two treatments (12 cows per treatment) over a 6 weeks experimental period. Treatments consisted in a control total mixed ration (C-TMR) without supplementary lipids (L) or the same TMR with the addition of 0.144 kg/cow·day of algae and 0.72 kg/cow·day of soybean oil (L-TMR). Chemical composition of the TMR (44.27% DM) averaged 15.94% for crude protein (CP), 38.20% neutral detergent fiber (NDF), 20.36% acid detergent fiber (ADF), 5.56% fat, 5.30% ash and 28.6% nonstructural carbohydrate (NSCH) with 1.81 Mcal/kg of net energy for lactation (NEL). After 39 days of feeding, individual milk samples were collected during three consecutive days. From the total milk collected, 20 ml were immediately used for chemical composition (Milko Scan) and 80 ml for analysis for milk FA profile. From week 3 onwards, milk production (kg/cow·day) resulted higher (P P P = 0.43) on milk protein content (C-TMR = 3.20; L-TMR = 3.07 g/100g). Milk lactose (C-TMR = 4.86, L-TMR = 4.69 g/100g) and urea nitrogen contents (C-TMR = 21.18, L-TMR = 17.33 g/100g) tended (P cow·day, P 12:0 to C16:0 FA averaging 45.19 in C-TMR and 34.74 g/100g in L-TMR (P P 18:1 trans-9) (0.23) and C18:1 trans-10 (0.44) FA increased (P trans-11 C18:1, VA) increased from 1.08 in C-TMR to 2.56 g/100g of FA in L-TMR (P cis-9, trans-11 C18:2) increased (127%) from 0.62 in C-TMR to 1.41 g/100g FA in L-TMR milk. Content of α-linolenic acid resulted 20% higher (P P cis-9 C18:1) resulted higher (P α-linolenic).