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Article citations


Cao, Y.Z., Wang, S., Zhang, G., Luo, J. and Lu, S. (2009) Chemical Characteristics of Wet Precipitation at an Urban Site of Guangzhou, South China. Atmospheric Research, 94, 462-469.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Chemical Composition and Source Characterization of Hailstones in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    AUTHORS: Rasheda Aktar Samiha, Morshad Ahmed, Mohammad Shohel, Abdus Salam

    KEYWORDS: Hailstone, Water Soluble Ion, Trace Metal, Source Apportionment

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, Vol.6 No.9, September 5, 2018

    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive analysis on the chemical composition and source apportionment of hailstone samples were conducted in Dhaka, Bangladesh. pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), water soluble ions (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-, SO42-, NO3-, HCO3-) and trace metals (Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn) of hailstone were determined. The result revealed that the average pH, EC, TDS were 6.95 ± 0.54, 356.3 ± 150.6 μS·cm-1 and 17.5 ± 2.89 mg·L-1, respectively. The water soluble ions followed the order: Ca2+ > Cl-1 > SO42- > HCO3- > Na+ > Mg2+ > K+ > NO3-. The concentrations of trace metals ranged in order with Zn > Fe > Cu, while the concentration of Mn was below detection limit. Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) was 0.20 ± 0.09 meqL-1 which indicates it is benign to plants and safe for irrigation. The order of neutralization factor (calculated with average concentrations) found in hailstone was NFCa(1.16) > NFMg (0.36) > NFK(0.32) which were originated from earth crust. Notable correlation was found in between soil tracers Ca2+ and Mg2+ (r = 0.87), indicating their common source dust. Enrichment factor analysis revealed that Ca2+, Mg2+ and K+ are mainly from crust, whereas NO3- and SO42- are mainly attributable to anthropogenic origins. Further source contribution analysis revealed that anthropogenic actions accounted for 99.2% of total NO3- and 89.6% of total SO42-, while 99.2% of total Ca2+ and 95% Mg2+ were from crustal source.