SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.

 

Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
   
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat
(or Email:book@scirp.org)

Article citations

More>>

Kutcher, G.J., Coia, L., Gillin, M., et al. (1994) Comprehensive QA for Radiation Oncology: Report of AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee Task Group 40. Medical Physics, 21, 581-618.
https://doi.org/10.1118/1.597316

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Novel Method to Verify Gamma Knife Radioactive Source Count

    AUTHORS: Hsein-Tang Tu, Cheng-Siu Chang, Chun-Yi Chuang, Cheng-Wei Huang, Wei-Jr Li, Tzu-Chin Wu, Fu-Yu Feng, Zih-Ping Ho, Chuan-Fu Huang

    KEYWORDS: Source, Security, Gamma Knife, Radiosurgery

    JOURNAL NAME: Technology and Investment, Vol.9 No.3, August 13, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Background: Regulation requires periodic reconfirmation of the number of radioactive sources in Gamma Knife (GK). To comply with regulations, the total dose output (TDO) method, originally designed to verify amount of radiation received by patients, was adopted as a tool for source security. However, we suspect the TDO method may be unreliable in detecting small numbers of missing sources given that a 2% margin of error is allowed. We propose an alternate method using Gafchromic films to identify number of sources present. Method: To test the efficacy of the TDO method, we simulated real-life source loss by plugging up to 5 sources. TDO after plugging 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 sources were measured using GK 4C. Percentage change for each additional source plugged was computed. We then proceeded to test the film method. For GK 4C, 2 Gafchromic RTQA2 single sided films measuring 10 × 10 inch were first halved to 5 × 10 inch films. Four 5 × 10 inch films were then adhered to the inner surface of the 18 mm collimator. For GK Perfexion, 2 Gafchromic EBT3 double sided films measuring 10 × 12 inches were combined and rolled into a cone film and adhered to the collimator during installation. In both cases, the films were exposed to 0.5 Gy. Results: TDO was inversely related to the number of source plugged. TDO decreased by more than 2% after 5 plugs. The film method was able to outline all 201 and 192 Co sources for GK4Cand Perfexion respectively. Conclusion: A single lost source is hard to detect using the TDO method given that at least 5 sources had to be lost before the change in TDO will exceed the margin of error (±2%). The film method bypasses this limitation and offers an easy alternative to accurately obtain the number of sources.