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Article citations


Jones, C., Baker, M., Carter, J., Jay, S., Short, M. and Wood, C. (2005) Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Planning: An International Evaluation. Sterling, VA: Earthscan, London.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Composite Sustainable Indicators Framework for Cost Assessment of Land Transport Mode in Lebanon Cities

    AUTHORS: Firas Barraj, Youssef Attalah

    KEYWORDS: Sustainable Transportation, Socio-Economical & Environmental Effect of Sustainable Mobility, Transport Safety, Transport Cost Framework

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Transportation Technologies, Vol.8 No.3, July 31, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The aim of the work performed in this paper is to present a composite indicators framework to guide sustainable transportation planning in Lebanon by assessing the sustainability marginal cost of Land Transport modes used mostly based on ICE (internal combustion engine) auto dependence. The framework covers 6 indicators of the triple bottom line of sustainability (economy, society, and environment): operating cost, energy consumption, noise exposure, congestion delay, emissions, and safety. The framework process follows an evaluation toolkit that monitors the cost implied from listed individual indicators of transport mode. Moreover, this evaluation methodology can be used to estimate to an acceptable degree the cost variation resulting from transport mode modifications within same geographical zone. This cost variance is the main interest of investors and decision makers seeking profits and successful results of their transportation planning process. A case study is executed in Lebanon GBA (Greater Beirut Area), where the annual cost of an alternative consisting of light rail transit (LRT) to passenger cars (PC) system is assessed; applying the stated methodology. Results show clearly an environmental amelioration with a reduction of 4,651,817,100 MJ of energy and 181,936 ton of CO2 emissions in addition to a saving of 255,643,035$ annually.