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Article citations


Plotinus (1952). The Enneads (translated by Stephen MacKenna and B.S. Page). Chicago, London and Toronto: William Benton Publisher.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Spinoza and the Relativity of Evil in the World

    AUTHORS: Muhammad Kamal

    KEYWORDS: Substance, Evil, Relativity, Immanence, Transcendence

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Philosophy, Vol.8 No.3, May 9, 2018

    ABSTRACT: This article analyses the problem of evil in the world in the context of Spinoza’s philosophical discourse. It deals with an important and urgent question: is there evil in the world or not? Drawing upon Spinoza’s interpretation of the relationship between God and the world, I consider this dilemma by concentrating upon the pantheistic elements of his philosophy. I have discussed how Spinoza develops his arguments for the relativity of evil and its objective non-existence. This solution is derived from the way he identifies substance as the sole reality with God. I have also compared Spinoza’s ideas with those of Plotinus by highlighting similarities in their respective understandings of the problem of evil.