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Edgeworth, F.Y. (1896) The Asymmetrical Probability Curve. Philosophical Magazine, 5th Series, 41, 90-99.
ABSTRACT: Testing the equality of means of two normally distributed random variables when their variances are unequal is known in the statistical literature as the “Behrens-Fisher problem”. It is well-known that the posterior distributions of the parameters of interest are the primitive of Bayesian statistical inference. For routine implementation of statistical procedures based on posterior distributions, simple and efficient approaches are required. Since the computation of the exact posterior distribution of the Behrens-Fisher problem is obtained using numerical integration, several approximations are discussed and compared. Tests and Bayesian Highest-Posterior Density (H.P.D) intervals based upon these approximations are discussed. We extend the proposed approximations to test of parallelism in simple linear regression models.