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Hypertension in Diabetes Study Group (1993) HDS I: Prevalence of Hypertension in Newly Presenting Type 2 Diabetic Patients and the Association with Risk Factors for Cardio-Vascular and Diabetic Complications. Journal of Hypertension, 11, 309-317.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-199303000-00012

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutic Characteristics of Hypertensive Type 2 Diabetics at the Marc Sankale Center of Dakar

    AUTHORS: Djiby Sow, Demba Diédhiou, Ibrahima Mané Diallo, Amadou Ndiaye, Michel Assane Ndour, Anna Sarr, Saïd Norou Diop, Maimouna Ndour-Mbaye

    KEYWORDS: Diabetes, Hypertension, Risk Factors, Treatment, Senegal

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Vol.8 No.2, January 25, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Introduction: High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes mellitus are two major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is increasing rapidly in Africa and worldwide. Africa has the highest prevalence rate of hypertension in the world, with 46% of adults over the age of 25 with. Hypertension is common in type 2 diabetes and increases cardiovascular risk. The association of these two pathologies has many particularities in the sub-Saharan subject. The work related to this entity in Africa shows a frequency between 30% and 60%. The objective was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic characteristics at the Medical Clinic II of the Abass Ndao Hospital Center in Dakar. Patients Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted from 01 December 2016 to 31 January 2017. It focused on patients with cardiothyrosis. Epidemiological data, cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiothoracic characteristics were evaluated. Results: 303 cases were recorded with a prevalence of 42%, an average age of 61.63 years, a sex ratio of 0.22. The age group of [60 - 70] years was the most representative at 36.30%. The BMI (Body Mass Index) average was 27.06 kg/m2. Obesity was 25% and 35% were overweight. Dyslipidemia consisting of an increase in LDL cholesterol > 1 g/l in 79%, a hypercholesterolemia in 57%, a decrease in HDL cholesterol in 13.23% and a hypertriglyceridemia in 28%. Patients with three cardiovascular risk factors accounted for 93.72%. The average fasting glucose level was 2.85 g/l. Hyperglycemia was noted in 65%. The glycosylated hemoglobin is greater than 7% in 47%. The duration of diabetes was less than 5 years in 133 patients or 44%. 70% of patients were treated with oral antidiabetic drugs. Insulin was used in 21.1%. Hypertension was mild in 24.1%, moderate in 23.8% and severe in 14.8%. Hypertension treated with monotherapy was 49%, combination therapy was 43%. Converting enzyme inhibitors (CEI) were used in 44%; 20% were Calcium inhibitors and 7 were treated by Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists (ARA). The inhibitor association of the conversion enzyme/calcium inhibitors (CEI/CI) is in 22%. Statins are used in 23%. The degenerative complications concerned four cases of acute edemas of the lower limbs (AELL), four cases of stroke (AVC). 37% had a balance of the blood pressure and among them 19.5% had followed a monotherapy and 33% a combination therapy. Conclusion: The combination of hypertension and diabetes is common in Africa and increases cardiovascular mortality. Training in the management of diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors is needed.