N. Paralikas and A. I. Lygeros, “A Multi-Criteria and Fuzzy Logic Based Methodology for the Relative Ranking of the Fire Hazard of Chemical Substances and Installations,” Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol. 83, No. 2, 2005, pp. 122-134. doi:10.1205/psep.04236
ABSTRACT: Gas pipelines are environmentally sensitive because they cross varied fields, rivers, forests, populated areas, desert, hills and offshore and also different parameters in gas transmission progresses are effective. Underground gas transmission pipelines have been grown as one of the low risk methods with low cost in the world specially in middle east and Europe. Physical and chemical properties of liquid gas, pipeline properties and also its environmental condition are the main factors of increasing the technical and environmental risk. In this article the quantitative risk assessment has been done by using GIS and overlaying the information layers. For this purpose, all effective risk factors were identified and projected. In order to achieve the same and comparable results, the entire pipeline route was divided into 500 meter intervals and the risk was calculated in each interval, finally the scores of these intervals such as each criterion risk was calculated. The case study of the article is Savadkooh to PoleSefid pipeline in Mazandaran.