Rhen, T. and Cidlowski, J.A. (2005) Antiinflammatory Action of Glucocorticoids—New Mechanisms for Old Drugs. The New England Journal of Medicine, 353, 1711-1723.
ABSTRACT: It has been proposed that 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), which activates glucocorticoids, plays a role in chronic inflammatory diseases including metabolic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. We have recently reported that the expression of 11β-HSD1 is increased in the gingiva of patients with chronic periodontitis and in that of rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. In this study, to further demonstrate the involvement of 11β-HSD1 in chronic periodontitis, the expression of 11β-HSD1 was investigated in another rat model of experimental periodontitis induced by intragingival injection of lipopolysaccharide from Porphyromonas gingivalis (LPS-PG). Alveolar bone loss was observed two weeks after intragingival injection of LPS-PG. The level of 11β-HSD1 mRNA assessed by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was significantly elevated in LPS-PG-induced periodontitis compared with controls. The expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2), which inactivates glucocorticoids, was not significantly different between control and LPS-PG-induced periodontitis. The expression of 11β-HSD1 was significantly correlated with that of TNF in LPS-PG-induced periodontitis. The increased expression of 11β-HSD1 protein in LPS-PG-induced periodontitis was confirmed by immunohistochemistry using anti-11β-HSD1 antibody. These results further suggest a role for 11β-HSD1 in the pathogenesis of chronic periodontitis.