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Article citations


Stryker, J.E., Wray, R.J., Hornik, R.C. and Yanovitzky, I. (2006) Validation of Database Search Terms for Content Analysis: The Case of Cancer News Coverage. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 83, 413-430.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Content Analysis of Serena Williams and Angelique Kerber’s Racial and Sexist Microagressions

    AUTHORS: Cynthia M. Frisby

    KEYWORDS: Microaggressions, Racism, Discrimination, Restrictive Gender Roles, Microinsults, Racist and Sexist Insults

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.5 No.5, May 23, 2017

    ABSTRACT: The primary purpose of this exploratory study was to determine if microaggressions regularly found in sport coverage were present in stories about two elite female tennis players. Microaggressions are subtle statements that unconsciously communicate denigrating messages to female athletes. In recent years, qualitative studies have introduced the types of microaggressions that female athletes experience. In the present study, a content analysis of 643 news stories was conducted in order to provide a quantitative measure of the frequency in which microaggressions appear in news stories about female athletes. Serena Williams, ranked number two in the list of top female tennis players, was selected because several qualitative studies show this female athlete of color is often the victim of racial slurs and epitaphs in news stories, as well as, news reports that feature insults to her physical appearance and body type. Angelique Kerber, the number one ranked female tennis player was selected in order to determine if an athlete of color receives more micro-aggresions than a top-ranked White female athlete. Data show that Serena Williams experienced more microaggresive themes related to gender roles and racial insults than Angelique Kerber (p 0.0000). It is concluded that future research should explore in greater depth the microagression aimed at Black female athletes in all levels of sports and their participation.