Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat
(or Email:book@scirp.org)

Article citations


Westmeier, W., Odoj, R., Tyutyunnikov, S.I., Hashemi-Nezhad, S.R., Ensinger, W., Zamani-Valasiadou, M., Brandt, R. and Thomauske, B. (2011) Experimente zur Transmutation Langlebiger Radioaktiver Abfalle. atw International Journal for Nuclear Energy, 56, 620-628.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Two Ways of High-Energy Heavy Ion Interactions: Spallation and Burst

    AUTHORS: Reinhard Brandt, Valery Ditlov, Maria Haiduc, Elena Firu, Alina Tania Neagu, Eberhard Ganssauge, Reza Hashemi-Nezhad, Wolfram Westmeier

    KEYWORDS: Thick Target, High Energy Projectile, Unresolved Problems, BURST

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol.5 No.2, April 10, 2015

    ABSTRACT: A new approach to solving the observation of enhanced neutron production in high-energy heavy ion induced reactions in thick targets is presented. Two different reaction mechanisms in these interactions are considered: 1) Limited fragmentation of the projectile, called SPALLATION; 2) Complete nuclear fragmentation of the projectile fragment into individual relativistic hadrons only, referred to as “BURST”. The abundance of this second path increases with the charge and energy of the projectile and may be responsible for enhanced neutron production observed with radiochemical methods in 44 GeV 12C and 72 GeV 40Ar irradiations. Interactions of 72 GeV 22Ne in nuclear emulsions show that SPALLATION and BURST have strongly different interaction signatures, and also that the rate of BURSTS increases from (26 ± 3)% of all interactions in the 1st generation to (78 ± 6)% in the 2nd generation. Further experimental signatures of BURSTS will be described; however, no model based on physics concepts can be presented. This effect may have practical consequences for neutron safety considerations in the construction of advanced heavy ion accelerators.