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Tekgül, S., Riedmiller, H., Gerharz, E., Hoebeke, P., Kocvara, R., Nijman, R., et al. (2009) Guidelines on Paediatric Urology. European Association of Urology, European Society for Paediatric Urology, Arnhem, The Netherlands, 18-22.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Complication Rate after Hypospadias Repair and Correlated Preoperative Symptoms*

    AUTHORS: Hans Winberg, Gunnar Westbacke, Ann Nozohoor Ekmark, Magnus Anderberg, Einar Arnbjörnsson

    KEYWORDS: Hypospadias Repair, Preoperative Symptoms, Age, Meatal Location, Outcome, Complications

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Urology, Vol.4 No.12, December 25, 2014

    ABSTRACT: Aim: To assess the rate of complications following hypospadias repair in a consecutive series of boys and the correlations of those complications with their preoperative symptoms, degree of hypospadias and method of operation. This study was conducted to address the question of whether all boys with all degrees of hypospadias should undergo reconstruction. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study. We included every boy who underwent an operation for the primary repair of hypospadias between January 2011 and April 2014. The median follow-up time was 24 months. The study ended in October 2014. The main outcome measurements were the frequency of postoperative complications and their correlations with the degree of hypospadias, the preoperative symptoms and the operative intervention performed. Results: Among the 76 boys who underwent operations, 23 had degree 1, 47 had degree 2, and 6 had degree 3 hypospadias. Preoperatively, 43 of the boys had symptoms that motivated the operation, including stenosis (38), a curvature (10) or both (5). Forty-three boys underwent operations with the MAVIS technique, 28 underwent TIP repair, 1 underwent a Duckett procedure, and 4 underwent Byar two-stage procedures. There were complications requiring reoperations including fistulas or ruptures in 26 (34%) boys. There were no significant differences in the rates of complications with surgery, fistulas (P = 0.4775), ruptures (P = 0.2417) or other complications (P = 0.5165) between the groups with or without preoperative symptoms, those with different degrees of hypospadias or those who underwent different operative methods for repair. Conclusions: The complication rate in this series was high. The study was prospective, and no boy was lost during follow-up. Because the complication rate did not correlate with the degree of hypospadias nor the preoperative symptoms, there may be a group of boys with hypospadias without symptoms for whose operations are questionable. The preoperative symptoms should be reported in future reports of the results of hypospadias surgery.