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Xu, X., Bazner, J., Qi, M., Johnson, E. and Freidhoff, R. (2003) The Role of Telencephalic NMDA Receptors in Avoidance Learning in Goldfish (Carassius auratus). Behavioral Neuroscience, 117, 548-554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7044.117.3.548

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Nitric Oxide Scavenger Carboxy-PTIO Impaired Memory of Avoidance Conditioning in Goldfish

    AUTHORS: X. Xu, K. Zmolek

    KEYWORDS: Avoidance Conditioning, Memory Consolidation, Nitric oxide, Goldfish

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.2 No.5, May 13, 2014

    ABSTRACT: The long-term potentiation (LTP), an activity-induced increase in the efficacy of neurotransmission, has long been conceived to be a physiological correlate of learning and memory. Investigations of synaptic transmission suggest that the postsynaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is the upstream mediator of LTP, while nitric oxide (NO), a retrograde messenger from postsynaptic neurons to presynaptic neuron, is the downstream mediator of LTP. Our previous studies showed that microinjections of NMDA receptor antagonist D-AP5 to the goldfish telencephalon prior to trainings impaired learning of avoidance conditioning in goldfish. However, microinjections of D-AP5 to the goldfish telencephalon immediately following trainings did not impair memory of avoidance conditioning. Carboxy-PTIO is a NO scavenger that prevents NO from reaching the presynaptic neurons. The present study investigated the effects of microinjections of carboxy-PTIO to the goldfish telencephalon immediately following trainings on avoidance conditioning. The results showed that microinjections of carboxy-PTIO to the goldfish telencephalon immediately following trainings impaired memory of avoidance conditioning.