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M. R. Wu and T. G. M. van de Ven, “Flocculation and Reflocculation: Interplay between the Adsorption Behavior of the Components of a Dual Flocculant,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 341, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 40-45.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.03.034

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Factors Affecting Fines Flocculation Performance with Cofactor-Polyethylene Oxide

    AUTHORS: M. R. Abdallah Qasaimeh, Ahmad Qasaimeh, F. Bani Hani

    KEYWORDS: Polyethylene Oxide; Cofactor; Flocculation; Shearing and Bridging

    JOURNAL NAME: Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, Vol.4 No.1, January 24, 2014

    ABSTRACT: In literature, neutral polyethylene oxide (PEO) flocculated fines at low shear rates, while with cofactor (CF) addition, the formed CF-PEO complex showed larger ability to bridge fines, producing flocs. In this work, some process factors were found having significant effects on fines flocculation. Increases in CF to PEO ratio at constant PEO enhanced the bridging bonds, causing increases in flocculation initial rate (efficiency), amplitude (floc size), and fastness (a decrease in characteristic time). On the other hand, an increase in stirring rate (shear rate) in flocculation vessel caused decreases in initial rate and amplitude, and an increase in the fastness. All runs showed transient flocculation; the amplitude increased with time, reached maximum at equilibrium, and then started to decrease showing deflocculation. In brief, the CF to PEO ratio and the shear rate were found important parameters in mill operation, having significant effects on flocculation efficiency, fastness, and floc size.