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Article citations


A. Al-Zaid, S. Sobki and V. De Silva, “Prevalence of Microalbuminuria in Saudi Arabians with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus—A Clinic Based Study,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 26, No. 2, 1994, pp. 115-120.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Evaluation of Renal Disorders in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Using Ultrsonography

    AUTHORS: Saddig D. Jastaniah, Naglaa M. Alsayed, Ibrahim A. Awad, Hashim R. Fida, Hammad H. Elniel

    KEYWORDS: Nephropathy; Ultrasound; Diabetic; Grade; Parenchyma

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Medical Imaging, Vol.3 No.4, December 20, 2013

    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) is one of the common epidemics worldwide. The prevalence of type 2 DM is high among Saudi population. Renal affection by DM is in the form of nephropathy that may end in the end stage of renal disease (ESRD) and renal failure warrants chronic dialysis or renal transplantation. Renal Ultrasonography (US) is a simple, accurate, affordable and non-invasive test that can help in management of type 2 DM patients who have renal affection. Four hundred patients, aged from 13 - 93 years with type 2 DM were recruited from the outpatient internal and family medicine clinics at KAUH. Renal US was requested for 202 patients, and was done at the diagnostic radiology department using digital iU22 Philips machine with 3.5 - 5 MHz convex array transducer. The renal size, parenchymal echogenicity and associated renal pathologies e.g. stones, cysts or masses were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS program version 16. Most cases showed normal renal size and echogenicity. Grade one nephropathy was more than grade two or three. Nephropathy was non-significantly correlated to the patients’ gender, but to their age. Increased patients’ age was associated with increased renal echogenicity. Non-diabetes-related renal abnormalities were detected in 39% of patients. The most common of non-diabetes-related renal abnormalities was simple renal cyst followed by renal stones (25% and 23%) respectively. Renal US for patients with type 2 DM has a great role in diagnosing and grading diabetic nephropathy, selecting cases with non-diabetic nephropathy for renal biopsy, and detecting associated renal abnormalities. Due to the high prevalence of DM in Saudi Arabia, we recommend future expanding study of the underlying possible genetic relation between DM and renal cysts and also the relation between renal stones and type 2 DM.