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H. Otoidobiga, “Etude de L’Impact du Développement et des Activités des Bactéries Sulfato-Réductrices et des Bactéries Réductrices de Fer sur le Développement Végétatif et les Rendements de riz de Submersion sous Drainage de Sub-Surface [Sudy of the Impact of Sulphate and Iron Reducing Bacteria on the Vegetative Development and the Yields of Flooded Rice under Subsurface Drainage],” Unité de Formation et de Recherche Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 2012.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Single-Season Irrigated Rice Soil Presents Higher Iron Toxicity Risk in Tropical Savannah Valley Bottoms

    AUTHORS: Amadou Keita, Hamma Yacouba, Laszlo G. Hayde, Bart Schultz

    KEYWORDS: ANOVA; Burkina Faso; Hematite; Iron Toxicity; Rice; Soil Sampling; Tropical Savannah; Valley Bottoms; Welch T-Test

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Soil Science, Vol.3 No.7, November 25, 2013

    ABSTRACT: With the aim of finding the geochemical differences and helping to build alleviating strategies against iron toxicity, two hematite dominant valley bottoms irrigating rice soils were investigated in the Tropical Savannah region of Burkina Faso. The first site was Tiefora, a 15-ha modern double-season irrigated rice system and moderately affected by iron toxicity (10% of the area with a toxicity score of 4). The second site was Moussodougou, a 35-ha traditional singleseason irrigated rice valley-bottom, with 50% facing more severe iron toxicity (score 7). Nine soil extracts were taken from three depths—30, 50 and 100 cm—i.e. 27 at Tiefora and 27 at Moussodogou. Five techniques were used to measure the data: 1) the ferrous iron concentration was determined using a reflectometer, 2) a pH-meter yielded the pH, 3) clay-proportions were obtained by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) grain size analysis and densitometry, 4) the organic matter was determined by oven drying (900℃) and v) the dry bulk density was determined by using undisturbed soil samples. Statistical hypothesis testing of One-way ANOVA and Welch t-test was applied to the data to isolate the similarities and the differences between the two sites. A geochemical analysis followed to find the causes of these differences. The results showed that while oxidation of pyrite leads to a simultaneous increase in Fe2+ concentrations and acidity in the soils of coastal floodplains and mangroves, the oxidation of hematite in Tropical savannah valley bottoms decreases Fe2+ but also increases acidity during the dry season. As a consequence, it was found that the single-season irrigation scheme Moussodougou is significantly (p-value 0.4%) more acidic (pH 5.7) than the double-season system of Tiefora (6.4) with also 750 - 1800 mg/l higher ferrous Fe2+. The ferrous iron reached 3000 mg/l in some layers in Moussodougou. This result is a justification to modernize a traditional single-season spate irrigation schemes into a double-season irrigated rice scheme.