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Dincer, F., Celiker, R., Ozker, S., Basgoze, O. and Ozker, R. (1993) Etiological and Functional Evaluation of Pediatric Population with Spinal Cord Injuries Turk. Journal of Pediatrics, 35, 173-175.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Child Spinal Cord Compression without Trauma about 113 Cases in Senegal

    AUTHORS: Nourou Dine A. Bankole, Moustapha Ndiaye, Thioub Mbaye, Youssoupha Sakho, Momar Code Ba

    KEYWORDS: Spinalcord Compression, Child, Pott’s Disease, Tumors, Spondylitis, Bilharzia

    JOURNAL NAME: Yangtze Medicine, Vol.2 No.2, June 11, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Introduction: No-trauma spinal cord compressions are serious conditions not often described in children population. This study will discuss the epidemiological, clinical, biology and radiology assessment, the etiologies, the therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of this condition in children in Senegal. Patients and Methods: 113 children aged between 15 months and 18 years were managed in a 10 years period (from January 2005 to July 2015) for a non-traumatic spinal cord compression (average 8.3 years). Results: There was 66 males (58%) and 47 females (42%) with sex ratio of 1.40. The main reasons for consultation were spinal deformity (90 %). The syndrome was complete in 52 patients (46%) and incomplete in 61 patients (54%). Plain radiography performed in 63 patients. The CT scan was performed in 21 patients and myelography performed in 4 patients. MRI was performed in 22 patients. There was intradural extramedullary process (33.33%), the extradural lesions (14.28%) and intramedullary process (28.57%). Dorsal lesions were predominant (46%) followed by the lumbar spine (27%). The majority of the etiology was Pott’s disease (80%) followed by tumors (17%). Spondylitis to banal germs (2%) and parasitic spinal cord compression (1%) were rare. The histology of 6 patients was revealed 5% neurofibroma Type II, 5% extramedullary intradermal arachnoid cyst, 5% intramedullary arachnoid cyst with cytochemistry of the CSF—like content, 5% Anaplastic pilocytic astrocytoma, 5% ganglioneuroma I terminal cone and 5% meningothelial meningioma. Pott’s disease has been cured by TB chemotherapy associated with a corset in 88.89% of cases. 2 patients of this group had benefited fixation after laminectomy. 68% of the patients had a favorable recovery, and 20% had completely recovered after an average of 7 months of treatment and three (3) patients had died. The compression by bilharzias is be cured by myelotomy and praziquantel with a favorable outcome. We have 94.74% decompressive laminectomy or laminotomy with tumor resection and four (4) Patients of this group benefited fixation; the patients who had intramedullary tumor benefited myelotomy and tumor resection; 3 patients in this group had benefited fixation after laminectomy 58% of patients had good recovery and 1 pateint had died. Conclusion: In Africa, particularly in the tropics, Pott’s disease remains the first etiology followed by vertebra-medullary tumors for no traumatic spinal cord compression of child.