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Chambers, J.M., Cleveland, W.S., Kleiner, B. and Tukey, P.A. (1983) Graphical Methods for Data Analysis. Wadsworth, Bellmont.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Comparison of Two Time Series Decomposition Methods: Least Squares and Buys-Ballot Methods

    AUTHORS: I. S. Iwueze, E. C. Nwogu, V. U. Nlebedim, J. C. Imoh

    KEYWORDS: Decomposition Models, Least Squares Estimates, Buys-Ballot Estimates, Accuracy Measures, Successful Transformation, Trending Curves

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Statistics, Vol.6 No.6, December 21, 2016

    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses comparison of two time series decomposition methods: The Least Squares Estimation (LSE) and Buys-Ballot Estimation (BBE) methods. As noted by Iwueze and Nwogu (2014), there exists a research gap for the choice of appropriate model for decomposition and detection of presence of seasonal effect in a series model. Estimates of trend parameters and seasonal indices are all that are needed to fill the research gap. However, these estimates are obtainable through the Least Squares Estimation (LSE) and Buys-Ballot Estimation (BBE) methods. Hence, there is need to compare estimates of the two methods and recommend. The comparison of the two methods is done using the Accuracy Measures (Mean Error (ME)), Mean Square Error (MSE), the Mean Absolute Error (MAE), and the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE). The results from simulated series show that for the additive model; the summary statistics (ME, MSE and MAE) for the two estimation methods and for all the selected trending curves are equal in all the simulations both in magnitude and direction. For the multiplicative model, results show that when a series is dominated by trend, the estimates of the parameters by both methods become less precise and differ more widely from each other. However, if conditions for successful transformation (using the logarithmic transform in linearizing the multiplicative model to additive model) are met, both of them give similar results.