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Article citations


Priyanka, M., Ketki, D. and Hyacinth, H. (2013) Cytotoxic Effects of Benzene Metabolites on Human Sperm Function: An in Vitro Study. ISRN Toxicology, 2013, Article ID: 397524, 6pp.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Assessment of Using Cosmetics Containing Hydroquinone among Sudanese Women

    AUTHORS: H. M. Osman, M. E. Shayoub, Munzir M. E. Ahmed, E. M. Babiker

    KEYWORDS: Cosmetics, Side Effects, Hydroquinone, Skin Lightening

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, Vol.5 No.2, May 28, 2015

    ABSTRACT: Many countries in the world wide banned hydroquinone in cosmetics skin lightening but it is still used in most of Africa countries, including Sudan. Few studies were carried out on the side effect of hydroquinone on Sudanese women. Therefore, the present study was carried out in Khartoum state in April to May/2014 to assess the awareness of Sudanese women about using hydroquinone and its probable risks. The results revealed that, highly using cosmetics containing hydroquinone by women aged between 20 - 29 years (78.3%) as well as by those classified as single (69.6%). The results also showed that the highest percentage of women was using it during evening (81.2%) and a high percentage of them was using it for skin lightening (65.2%), followed by elimination acne (20.3%) and about 10.1% for both skin lightening and elimination of acne and very little (4.3%) for freckle elimination. Moreover, the results showed a very high percentage of women (94.2%) used the chemical without being prescribed by doctors and about (85.5%) of them didn’t know its nature and risks on human health. Consequently, (50.7%) of women have had sides effects, (44.9 %) used more than one and (44.1%) used it regularly. In addition, the results revealed that a wide range of products of this chemical was available in local market with amalico (34.8%) being highly used. The study can conclude that the awareness of Sudanese women about this compound was poor and needs to be raised by health authorities.