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Article citations


Flavell, J., Green, F., & Flavell, E. (1986). Development of knowledge about the appearance-reality distinction. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 51, i+iii+v+1-87.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Left-Right and Up-Down Mirror Image Confusion in 4-, 5- and 6-Year-Olds

    AUTHORS: Izumi Uehara

    KEYWORDS: Preschool Children; Left-Right and Up-Down Mirror Image Confusion; Meaningfulness

    JOURNAL NAME: Psychology, Vol.4 No.10, October 12, 2013

    ABSTRACT: Young children under the age of 8 - 9 years tend to confuse left-right mirror images, and it is thought that their linguistic skills play a crucial role in this phenomenon. However, other aspects of this confusion, such as whether children confuse up-down mirror images or whether the meaningfulness of the stimulus influences matching performance, remain unclear. The present study examined the confusion of left-right and up-down reversed images by 4-, 5- and 6-year-olds using meaningful and meaningless figures in a task in which sample and comparison stimuli were presented simultaneously. Children performed more accurately when presented with meaningful figures and confused both up-down and left-right reversed figures, although they did so less frequently in response to up-down than to left-right reversed figures. Reversal confusion was greatest in 4-year-olds and no significant differences were observed between 5- and 6-year-olds. These findings suggest that the ability to discriminate reversed images may be associated with the development of a wide range of cognitive abilities including theory of mind, executive function, and suggestibility.