Optimal Performance for Solar Thermal Power System
Jianfeng LU, Jing DING, Jianping YANG
DOI: 10.4236/epe.2009.12017   PDF    HTML     6,040 Downloads   11,399 Views   Citations


Solar thermal power is currently one of the important trends and research hotspots of solar energy. In present paper, basic physical model is proposed to investigate the solar thermal power, and the operating temperature is optimized to maximize the electricity generating efficiency. When the concentrated energy flux rises, the absorption efficiency of heat receiver will first increase and then decrease, while the increasing of flow velocity can improve the absorption performance. As the working temperature rising, the heat loss of infrared radiation and natural convection increases quickly, so the absorption efficiency obviously decreases, while the Carnot efficiency of the steam turbine cycle will rise. Because of the coupling effects of the heat absorption cycle and turbine cycle, the electricity generating efficiency will reach maximum with the optimal working temperature.

Share and Cite:

J. LU, J. DING and J. YANG, "Optimal Performance for Solar Thermal Power System," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2009, pp. 110-115. doi: 10.4236/epe.2009.12017.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. A. Kalogirou, “Solar thermal collectors and applications,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Vol. 30, pp. 231–295, 2004.
[2] M. Fujiwara, T. Sano, K. Suzuki, et al., “Thermal analysis and fundamental tests heat pipe receiver for solar dynamic space system,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Vol. 112, pp. 177–182, 1990.
[3] A. Clausing, “Analysis of convective losses from cavity solar central receivers,” Solar Energy, Vol. 27, pp. 295– 300, 1981.
[4] A. A. Dehghan and M. Behnia, “Combined natural convection conduction and radiation heat transfer in a discretely heated open cavity,” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 118, pp. 54–56, 1996.
[5] Z. G. Liu, C. P. Zhang, Y. H. Zhao, and D. W. Tang, “The design and experiments of a new cavity absorber,” Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, Vol. 26, pp. 332–337, 2005. (in Chinese)
[6] A. Steinfeld and M. Schubnell, “Optimum aperture size and operating temperature of a solar cavity-receiver,” Solar Energy, Vol. 50, pp. 19–25, 1993.
[7] A. Segal and M. Epstein, “Optimized working temperatures of a solar central receiver,” Solar Energy, Vol. 75, pp. 503–510, 2003.
[8] C. E. Kennedy, “Review of mid- to high-temperature solar selective absorber materials,” NREL/TP-520-31267, 2002.
[9] Y. Sun, Y. Y. Shi, and F. C. Wang, “Study on thermal stability of solar selective absorbing surfaces with new material,” Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, Vol. 23, pp. 39–42, 2002. (in Chinese)
[10] J. H Lienhard IV and J. H. Lienhard V, “A heat transfer textbook,” Phlogiston Press, Chambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A, 2002
[11] R. T. Stephen, “Thermodynamics: concepts and applications,” Cambridge University Press, New York, 2006.
[12] Cindrella, “The real utility ranges of the solar selective coatings,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 23, pp. 1898–1901, 2007

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.