Cocoa Powder as Delivery Medium for Probiotic Lactobacillus Strains
Giovanni Ricci, Francesca Borgo, Chiara Ferrario, Maria Grazia Fortina
DOI: 10.4236/aim.2011.11001   PDF    HTML     6,739 Downloads   15,397 Views   Citations


Three Lactobacillus strains previously isolated from artisanal Italian cheeses and identified by species-specific PCR as L. helveticus, L. paracasei and L. rhamnosus, were evaluated for the presence of functional traits, such as acidifying activity, cell surface hydrophobicity, antibiotic resistance, survival in low pH and in presence of bile salts, in comparison with two commercially available probiotic strains (Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5 and L. rhamnosus GG). Subsequently, with the aim to develop a new non-dairy functional product, cocoa powder was used as a medium for incorporating freeze-dried cultures of each tested strain and survival at different time/temperature conditions was investigated. The results obtained demonstrated that artisanal dairy products are interesting sources of new probiotic strains; in particular, the dairy origin strain L. rhamnosus showed a good probiotic performance and the highest level of survival during storage. Finally, we showed that cocoa powder represents a good delivery medium for lactobacilli: it could be considered a novel functional food exhibiting high antioxidant power and presenting probiotic potential.

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G. Ricci, F. Borgo, C. Ferrario and M. Fortina, "Cocoa Powder as Delivery Medium for Probiotic Lactobacillus Strains," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.4236/aim.2011.11001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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