Seasonal Differences in Visitor Perceptions: A Comparative Study of Three Mountainous National Parks in Central Europe
Tomas Gorner, Martin Cihar
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.28120   PDF    HTML     6,423 Downloads   10,576 Views   Citations


This paper compares the views and attitudes of visitors to three key mountain national parks and Biosphere Reserves: Sumava National Park (Sumava NP, Czech Republic), Krkonose National Park (KRNAP, Czech Republic) and Karkonoski Park Narodowy (KPN, Poland). A large numbers of people visit these destinations both in the summer (e.g. hikers and cyclists) and in the winter (e.g. hikers and skiers), which threatens sustainability and creates problems regarding the management of these areas. A comprehensive understanding of visitor use, including visitors’ attitudes and perceptions, is fundamental for effective park management. Most research in these national parks is carried out during the summer season, therefore different results in the winter season are expected. Using a standardised socio-environmental survey we attempt to find seasonal differences between visitors and their opinions. A total of 2252 questionnaires were gathered. There were 13 common questions for these three national parks, three of them yielded significantly different results between the two seasons (visitors’ nationality, type of accommodation and financial costs). Other differences were detected in one or two national parks.

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T. Gorner and M. Cihar, "Seasonal Differences in Visitor Perceptions: A Comparative Study of Three Mountainous National Parks in Central Europe," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 1046-1054. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.28120.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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