Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs on HIV/AIDS Among Tertiary Students in Papua New Guinea
Orathinkal Jose, Keri Totona, Alphonse Begani, Tuka Andew, Bob Tombe, Rose Begani
DOI: 10.4236/wja.2011.12009   PDF    HTML     7,504 Downloads   14,714 Views   Citations


This cross-sectional study among 1597 tertiary level students, 757 (48%) males and 832 (52%) females (9 respondents no mention of gender), from 12 institutions, across Papua New Guinea, examined their level of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS. The study revealed that the majority of the students have a very good knowledge of HIV/AIDS; in general students have a considerate and compassionate attitude towards those infected with HIV/AIDS; and the students have positive and healthy attitudes and beliefs regarding HIV/AIDS. Among the demographic variables of gender, province and the institution of their study a significant difference showed in their levels of knowledge and also a statistically significant association was found between beliefs and knowledge. Interestingly, about 58% of the students think that HIV/AIDS is a punishment from God. Almost half (46.5%) of the respondents think that learning about sex and the use of condoms could also encourage young people to engage in more frequent sex. Although, in general the students have a very good knowledge, they indicate the need for more sex education and awareness pro-grams about HIV/AIDS that could be given in high schools.

Share and Cite:

O. Jose, K. Totona, A. Begani, T. Andew, B. Tombe and R. Begani, "Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs on HIV/AIDS Among Tertiary Students in Papua New Guinea," World Journal of AIDS, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 50-61. doi: 10.4236/wja.2011.12009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] “AIDS Epidemic Update. Geneva,” UNAIDS/WHO, December 2007.
[2] J. D, Baldwin and J. I. Baldwin, “Factors Affecting AIDS Related Sexual Risk Taking Behavior among College Students,” Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1988, pp. 181-196. doi:10.1080/00224498809551454
[3] T. Barnes, “The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the University of the Western Cape,” A Report for the Association for the Development of Education in Africa, 2000.
[4] A. K. Harding, E. C. Anadu, L. A. Gray and D. A. Champeau, “Nigerian University Students’ Knowledge, Perceptions, and Behaviors about HIV/AIDS: Are These Students at Risk?” Journal of Social Health, Vol. 119, No. 1, 1999, pp. 23-31.
[5] J. Hubley, “Health Empowerment, Health Literacy and Health Promotion Putting It All Together,” 2002. (Accessed on May 14, 2009)
[6] M. J. Kelly, “Challenging the Challenger: Understanding and Expanding the Response of Universities in Africa to HIV/AIDS,” ADEA Working Group on Higher Education, World Bank, Washington, 2001.
[7] “The STI, HIV and AIDS,” Six Monthly Surveillance Report, Port Moresby, 2008.
[8] “The STI, HIV and AIDS,” Annual Surveillance Report, December 2009.
[9] “National HIV/AIDS Support Project.”
[10] “National HIV and AIDS Strategy,” National AIDS Council Secretariat, NCD, Papua New guinea, 2011-15, pp. 15-19.
[11] “National AIDS Council Secretariat,” National Department of Health STI, HIV and AIDS Surveillance Report: NCD, Papua New guinea, 2011-15.
[12] “UNAIDS’ AIDS Epidemic Update,” December 2000.
[13] “HIV Transmission,” University at Albany University HIV/AIDS Information Center (UA AIDS INFO), 3 July 2009.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.