Tunable Multi Wavelength by Pulse Signal Modulation in Laser Pumping of EDFA


This report is aimed to present the result of experimental setup of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) with modulated pulse signal by laser pumping at wavelength 980 nm. The amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) from EDFA has multi wavelength and the spacing of wavelength can be controlled by controlling the pulse width of laser pumping. The result in this experiment shows that the feasibility of using EDFA system can generate the multi wavelength of all of C-Band spectrum. The pulse signal, for modulated laser pumping, is observed ranging from 10 to 100 Hz and the wavelength spacing can be tuned from 14.7 nm to 14.9 nm.

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Chunpang, P. and Sukhasen, S. (2015) Tunable Multi Wavelength by Pulse Signal Modulation in Laser Pumping of EDFA. Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 521-525. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.65056.

1. Introduction

Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) is a widely applied component, e.g., for wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) in modern optical communication systems, optical fiber sensing system, optical device testing system and optical instrumentation [1] [2] . In addition, the application of EDFA is a main device for generation of multi wavelength laser [3] [4] . The EDFA has gained spectrum operation range from 1525 nm to 1565 nm in the range of C-Band [5] . The EDFA is used successfully due to a high gain, low insertion loss, high output power and polarization-independent gain. There are many techniques of multi wavelength generation such as Fabry-Perot etalon inside cavity [6] , fiber bragg grating [7] , Sagnac interferometer [8] , ring resonator [9] , high nonlinear fiber [10] , semi-conductor optical amplifier [11] , LiNbO3 [12] . Most of these techniques are of high cost and require many equipments.

In this report, we carried out a novel method for experimental demonstration tunable multi wavelength and frequency spacing by modulate pulse signal into laser pumping. The purpose of this experiment is for a simpler setup for generation a multi wavelength laser by using EDFA.

2. Experiments and Results

The experimental setup is illustrated in Figure 1. The multi wavelength are formed by the wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) with 980/1550 multiplexing for the coupling light pumping source into the EDFA and for using in the future. The LD driver at the input port, with 980 nm, is connected to a pumping laser and the output port is connected to the optical isolator for improving the noise figure performance. A 20 meters EDFA length is connected between the optical isolators and the optical spectrum analyzer (OSA). The LD driver is driving the current of laser diode pumping. And the modulator (Mod.) is modulated pulse signal by the pulse generator to control the current in the laser diode with the pulse frequency varying from 10 Hz to 100 Hz by increasing a step by step of 5 Hz frequency. The maximum power of the laser pumping is 50 mW while the pulse generator is setup for duty cycle at 50%.

In this proposition, we will discuss and analyze the result of the EDFA with modulated pulse signal in the laser diode pumping. Figure 2 illustrates the results of an experimental setup of the proposing tunable multi wavelength of all of the C-Band Erbium-doped fiber amplifier with modulated laser pumping.

The resultant of the output port is showing the spectrum by OSA as in Figure 2. The output spectrum of the multi wavelength laser with spanning of wavelength 100 nm. The resolution bandwidth of the optical spectrum analyzer is 0.06 nm. The wavelength line spacing with modulated pumping laser in Figures 2(a)-(c) are ~14.70 nm, ~2.94 nm and ~1.49 nm respectively. From this experiment we describe the multi wavelength laser source with control spectral range by control frequency for modulation pumping laser. The peak power of multi wavelengths generate output are equal line spectral of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) spectrum with continuous wave (CW) pumping laser at 50 mW. The result of output spectrum with modulation pulse signal into the pumping laser is the same as by using CW pumping when the pulse signal is increasing too high frequency.

Figure 3 shows the result of the wavelength spacing with modulated pulse signal into the laser pumping at 10 Hz to 100 Hz by increasing step by step of the frequency by 5 Hz. The experimental result, at 100 Hz, have multi wavelength laser with multiple wavelength up to 67 wavelengths at all of C-Band. The spectral width is decreasing in exponential trend because of the nonlinear optical effectiveness and transient response of EDFA.

Figure 1. The experimental setup of an investigation of multi wavelength generating in EDFA by modulate pumping laser scheme.


Figure 2. The spectrum of EDFA with power pumping laser 50 mW and modulated with 10 Hz, 50 Hz and 100 Hz are shown in (a), (b) and (c) respectively.

Figure 3. The experimental result showing the wavelength spacing versus pulse signal with modulation in laser pumping, which is significant exponentially decreasing.

3. Conclusion

We have experimentally demonstrated an investigation of the multi wavelength generated in the EDFA by modulation of the laser pumping scheme. The output power of the EDFA is about 3.16 μW and the spectral width is about 1.49 nm to 14.2 nm. A simple analysis of the proposed system has also been reviewed. To optimize the experiment, the prototype parameters such as the optical spectral width, pulse frequency for modulation and optical power, the experimental procedures suffering from the environment are also taken into consideration. We can use this technique in the future for investigating all optical band pass active filter by EDFA.


The authors wish to thank W. Loedhammacakra, at the Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Faculty of Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi for kindly supporting our experimental setup. We acknowledge to E. B. Manoukian for making correction of words. S. Sukhasena was supported by DRA, Naresuan University (Grant No. R2557C048).


*Corresponding author.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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