There are Two Different Language Systems in the Brain
Alfredo Ardila
DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2011.12005   PDF    HTML     12,862 Downloads   32,191 Views   Citations


In this paper it is emphasized that human language has two rather different dimensions corresponding to two different language systems: lexical/semantic and grammatical. These two language systems are supported by different brain structures (temporal and frontal), and based in different learning strategies (declarative and procedural). In cases of brain pathology, each one can be independently impaired (Wernicke aphasia and Broca aphasia). While the lexical/semantic language system may have appeared during human evolution long before the contemporary man, the grammatical language system probably represents a relatively recent acquisition. Language grammar may be the departing ability for the development of the metacognitive executive functions and is probably based in the ability to internally represent actions.

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A. Ardila, "There are Two Different Language Systems in the Brain," Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 23-36. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2011.12005.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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