Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Concretes with Styropor


In this paper waste expanded polystyrene (EPS) granulated in various proportions was added to cement and lime paste and samples were produced in order to provide heat and voice insulation and produce low-intensity concrete. Styropor, which is especially obtained as waste material in packaging industry, is used in production of samples; the purpose here was to prevent environmental pollution and produce construction material with variable cost. Hot wire method was used for measuring the thermal conductivity of the sample. A mould with the dimensions of 20 × 60 × 150 mm was prepared for thermal experiments and 100 × 100 × 100 mm was prepared for mechanical experiments and the mortars were cast. The samples were subjected to thermal conductivity, pressure and tensile strength and water absorption tests. The diameter of the EPS ranged from 0 to 6 mm and concrete involvement rate was determined as to be 0 to 70 percentages. As a result, it has been found out that in EPS-containing cement and lime binding-agent materials can be used for the following purposes: (i) production of earthquake-proof low-intensity concrete, (ii) as insulation-purpose construction material, (iii) decoration.

Share and Cite:

Kaya, B. and Kar, F. (2014) Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Concretes with Styropor. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 2, 310-315. doi: 10.4236/jamp.2014.26037.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Babu, D.S., Babu, K.G. and Wee, T.H. (2005) Properties of Lightweight Expanded Polystyrene Aggregate Concretes Containing Fly Ash. Cement and Concrete Research, 35, 1218-1223.
[2] M?hlayanlar, E., Dilmacc, S. and Guner, A. (2008) Analysis of the Effect of Production Process Parameters and Density of Expanded Polystyrene Insulation Boards on Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity. Materials and Design, 29, 344-352.
[3] Miled, K., Sab, K. and Roy, R.L. (2007) Particle Size Effect on EPS Lightweight Concrete Compressive Strength: Experimental Ivestigation and Modeling. Mechanics of Materials, 39, 222-240.
[4] Bouvard, D., Chaix, J.M., Dendievel, R., Fazekas, A., Létang, J.M., Peix, G. and Quenard, D. (2007) Characterization and Simulation of Microstructure and Properties of EPS Lightweight Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 37, 1666-1673.
[5] Chen, B. and Liu, J. (2004) Proper-ties of Lightweight Expanded Polystyrene Concrete Reinforced with Steel Fiber. Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 1259-263.
[6] Babu, K.G. and Babu D.S., (2003) Behavior of Lightweight Expanded Polystyrene Concrete Containing Silica Fume. Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 755-762.
[7] (20.09.2013)
[8] (20.09.2013)
[9] ve cevre (17.09.2013)
[10] DENKO, Showa Shotherm Operation Manual No 125-2. K.K. Instrument Products Department, 13-9, Shiba Daimon, Tokyo, 105, Japan, 1981.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.