Global Climate Change


Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time and adds considerable stress to our societies and to the environment. From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale. Without drastic action today, adapting to these impacts in the future will be more difficult and costly. This overview deals with the concept of Global Climate Change, the associated terms, causes, consequences, solutions and its potential health impact. It shows the need to act urgently if we are to avoid an irreversible build-up of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and global warming at a potentially huge cost to the economy and society worldwide. Therefore, addressing climate change requires an “unprecedented level of cooperation, not only between countries, but also between different levels of Governments, private sector and individuals.

Share and Cite:

Adedeji, O. , Reuben, O. and Olatoye, O. (2014) Global Climate Change. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 2, 114-122. doi: 10.4236/gep.2014.22016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Climate Change Information Resources, New York Metropolitan Region.
[2] Epstein, P. R. (1999). Climate and Health. Science, 285, 347-348.
[3] Harvard, & Chivian, E. (2002) Biodiversity: Its Importance to Human Health Harvard Medical School.
[4] IPCC Online, Glossary of Terms Used in the IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001) IPCC_Third_Assessment_Report (Accessed December 2009).
[5] Langford, I. H., & Bentham, G. (1995). The Potential Effects of Climate Change on Winter Mortality in England and Wales. International Journal of Biometeorology, 38, 141-147.
[6] McCarthy, J. J. et al. (2001). Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.
[7] McMichael, A. J., & Githeko, A. Human Health. In: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment.
[8] New Climate Change Fact Sheet, Facts about Climate Change.
[9] Patz, J. et al. (2000). The Potential Health Impacts of Climate Variability and Change for the United States: Executive Summary of the Report of the Health Sector of the US National Assessment. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108, 367-376.
[10] Pounds, J.A., & R. Puschendorf (2004). Clouded Futures. Nature, 427, 8 January 2004.
[11] Rens Kortmann (CE Delft), Edgar Peijnenborgh (RPS), Judith Harrewijn, Lindske van Hulst (SME Advies) (2007). Climate Change: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions, Scientific Background to the On-Line Platform Climate Quest.
[12] Rooney, C. et al. (1998). Excess Mortality in England and Wales during the 1995 Heatwave. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 52, 482-486.
[13] Shindell, D. T. et al. (1998). Increased Polar Stratospheric Ozone Losses and Delayed Eventual Recovery Owing to Increasing Greenhouse Gas Concentrations. Nature, 392, 589-592.
[14] Stern, N. (2006). The Economics of Climate Change—The Stern Review. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
[15] Sudip Mitra, Global Climate Change an Introduction.
[16] The Argo (2013) Typhoon Haiyan Hits Philippines: Stockton Community Takes Action, The Independent Student Newspaper of the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. 83.
[17] UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) (2007). Climate Change: Impacts, Vulnerabilities and Adaptation in Developing Countries (p. 12). Bonn: UNFCCC.
[18] Willetts, E., Guadagno, L., & Ikkala, N. (2010). Addressing Climate Change, Issues and Solutions from around the World (40 p). Editors. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.