Finite element analysis of a percutaneous aortic valve stent design
Gideon Praveen Kumar, Lazar Mathew
DOI: 10.4236/health.2009.11002   PDF    HTML     7,171 Downloads   12,575 Views   Citations


Aim: This paper discusses the design and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of a Percutaneous Aor-tic Valve Stent. The aim of this study was to model a percutaneous aortic valve stent and subject it to finite element analysis. The design process was carried out to meet the functional and surgical requirements. Methods and Results: Analysis was done with different materials with loads ranging from 50 kgf/mm² to 73 kgf/mm². These forces were selected because these val-ues are far greater than the normal human blood pressure which ranges from 10kPa to 16kPa. It was also to understand the mechanical behavior of different stent materials under such high pressures. A stent model was generated and its physical, mechanical and behavioral properties were studied. Finite element analysis and simulation of the model enhanced the designer to optimize the geometry suitable for perform-ance during and after implantation. The design objective for the stent is to have long term du-rability, low thrombogenicity, resistance to mi-gration and paravalvular leak. Conclusion: The analysis performed in this paper may aid in understanding the stent’s tolerable pressures ranges in comparison with the physiological pressures exerted by the heart and cardiac blood flow during abnormal cardiovascular conditions.

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Kumar, G. and Mathew, L. (2009) Finite element analysis of a percutaneous aortic valve stent design. Health, 1, 2-7. doi: 10.4236/health.2009.11002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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