Arab metallurgy owes much to meteorites iron—A special regard to Damask saber
Ahmad Bilal
Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.
DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.62012   PDF    HTML   XML   7,112 Downloads   9,240 Views  


Ancient Arabs have recognized metallic and mineral ores, including their fluid inclusions which were still considered as a new scientific fields in the 70’s last century. They discovered metallic ores (gold, silver, copper), in inhabited areas and in delta and river crosses, using different techniques for exploration and exploitation. Metallic industry flourished during the Islamic period, silver and gold were used as currency for commercial exchanges. Meteorites were also recognized by Ancient Arabs. They collected them in the deserted areas, and used them for arms manufacturing, as sabers and daggers. The more famous of these arms is the Damask saber steel, known reputedly Jaohar. It has an extraordinary mechanical properties, and exceptional sharp cutting edge. The Jaohar blades were forged directly from fall meteorites, at temperature of 80℃, using a sophistical thermomechanical of forging, annealing to refine the steel, and giving it this exceptional quality and superelastic behavior. Meteorites using by Ancient Arabs come back to 400 years ago, as confirmed by a recent research on two meteorites samples, presented in Aleppo museum, found in Ras Shamra, and Umm El Maraa, in Syria.

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Bilal, A. (2014) Arab metallurgy owes much to meteorites iron—A special regard to Damask saber. Natural Science, 6, 81-87. doi: 10.4236/ns.2014.62012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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