A Novel Approach of Dyeing Jute Fiber with Reactive Dye after Treating with Chitosan


Jute is generally not dyed with reactive dye though it is a cellulosic fiber. Reactive dye is extensively used to dye cotton, viscose and other cellulosic fibers whereas jute is dyed with basic dye. This paper presents a novel approach to dye the jute fiber with reactive dye after treating with chitosan. Jute fabric was treated with chitosan solution at different con- centrations (0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3% and 4%) and then dyed with reactive dye. The depth and fastness of shade of dyed fabric were analyzed by comparing the chitosan treated samples with untreated dyed fabric samples. It has been found that, the dyebath exhaustion is increased with the increment of chitosan concentrations. The exhaustion percentages have found 36.79%, 41.59%, 48.33%, 54.46% and 58.75% for the fabric treated with 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% chitosan solution respectively, while the exhaustion of dyebath is only 23.15% for untreated fabric. The K/S values (at λmax = 540 nm) of dyed samples have found 4.93, 6.77, 10.5, 14.07, 15.57 and 2.37 for 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and untreated fabric respectively. The color fastness to washing and rubbing of the dyed fabrics was also evaluated. In case of dry rubbing, both types of fabric have shown almost similar fastness ratings. However, chitosan treated fabrics have shown inferior fastness rating in case of wet rubbing and washing, particularly for the fabrics at higher chitosan concentrations.

Share and Cite:

M. A. Rahman Bhuiyan, A. Shaid, M. M. Bashar, P. Haque and M. A. Hannan, "A Novel Approach of Dyeing Jute Fiber with Reactive Dye after Treating with Chitosan," Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 87-91. doi: 10.4236/ojopm.2013.34014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. Lewin, “Handbook of Fiber Chemistry,” 3rd Edition, Taylor & Francis, New York, 2010.
[2] H. Q. Yu, M. Dang and C. W. Yu, “A Preliminary Study on Chemical Degumming of Jute and Kenaf Fibers,” Plant Fiber and Products, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2003, pp. 190-192.
[3] P. Ghosh, A. K. Samanta and G. Basu, “Effect of Selective Chemical Treatments of Jute Fiber on Textile-Related Properties and Processible,” Indian Journal of Fibers &Textile Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2004, pp. 85-89.
[4] W.-M. Wang, Z.-S. Cai and J.-Y. Yu, “Study on the Chemical Modification Process of Jute Fiber,” Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2008, pp. 1- 11.
[5] E. P. G. Gohl and L. D. Vilensky, “Textile Science,” 2nd Edition, Longman Cheshire, New Delhi, 1983.
[6] V. A. Shenai, “Chemistry of Dyes and Principles of Dyeing,” 4th Edition, Sevak, Mumbai, Vol. 2, 1983.
[7] S. Houshyar and S. H. Amirshahi, “Treatment of Cotton with Chitosan and Its Effect on Dyeability with Reactive Dyes,” Iranian Polymer Journal, Vol. 11, No. 5, 2002, pp. 295-302.
[8] W. Wang, B. Xu, Z. Cai and J. Yu, “Study on Chemical Modification and Dyeing Properties of Jute Fiber,” Journal of the Textile Institute, Vol. 101, No. 7, 2010, pp. 613-620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405000802638651
[9] J. G. Cook, “Handbook of Textile Fibres: Natural Fibres,” 5th Edition, Woodhead, Cambridge, 2005. http://dx.doi.org/10.1533/9781855734852
[10] M. Mahbubul Bashar and M. A. Khan, “An Overview on Surface Modification of Cotton Fiber for Apparel Use,” Journal of Polymers and the Environment, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10924-012-0476-8
[11] A. H. M. Renfrew, “Reactive Dyes for Textile Fibres,” Society of Dyers & Colourists, West Yorkshire, 1999.
[12] Q. Li, E. T. Dunn and E. W. Grandmaison, “Applications and Properties of Chitosan,” Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1992, pp. 370-397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088391159200700406
[13] E. S. Abdou, K. S. A. Nagy and M. Z. Elsabee, “Extraction and Characterization of Chitin and Chitosan from Local Sources,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 99, No. 5, 2008, pp. 1359-1367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.01.051
[14] F. A. Sagheer, M. A. Al-Sughayer and S. Muslim, “Ex- traction and Characterization of Chitin and Chitosan from Marine Sources in Arabian Gulf,” Carbohydrate Poly- mers, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2009, pp. 410-419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2009.01.032
[15] K. V. Harish Prashanth, F. Kittur and R. Tharanathan, “Solid State Structure of Chitosan Prepared under Different N-Deacetylating Conditions,” Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 50, No. 1, 2002, pp. 27-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0144-8617(01)00371-X
[16] C. Peniche and W. Argüelles-Mona, “Chitin and Chitosan: Major Sources, Properties and Applications,” Monomers, Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources, Oxford, 2008, p. 517.
[17] J. Kucera, “Fungal Mycelium—The Source of Chitosan for Chromatography,” Journal of Chromatography B, Vol. 808, No.1, 2004, pp. 69-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2004.05.023
[18] S Chatterjee, M. Adhya, A. K. Guha and B. P. Chatterjee, “Chitosan from Mucor rouxii : Production and Physico-Chemical Characterization,” Process Biochemis- try, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2005, pp. 395-400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2004.01.025
[19] W. Suntornsuk, P. Pochanavanich and L. Suntornsuk, “Fungal Chitosan Production on Food Processing By-Products,” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 37, No. 7, 2002, pp. 727-729. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(01)00265-5
[20] S. H. Lee, M. J. Kim and H. Park, “Characteristics of Cotton Fabrics Treated with Epichlorohydrin and Chitosan,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 117, No. 2, 2010, pp. 623-628. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.31351
[21] A. D. Broadbent, “Basic Principles of Textile Coloration,” Society of Dyers and Colourists, West Yorkshire, 2001.
[22] B. P. Saville, “Physical Testing of Textiles,” Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, 1999. http://dx.doi.org/10.1533/9781845690151

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.