Waste Shell Husks Concrete: Durability, Permeability and Mechanical Properties


Shell husk is annually produced as a byproduct of shell production in Japan. According to Japanese Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries and Agriculture, the amount of the abandoned shell husk is about 151,000 tons per year. This huge amount of abandoned shell husk is not only thrown away without any commercial return but also causing pollution and environmental problems. To mitigate the pollution and environmental problems, possible utilization of abandoned shell husk is thoroughly observed in concrete construction. Overall response of the mechanical properties of concrete specimens containing different percentage of abandoned shell husk aggregates such as 0, 10%, 0, 30%, 40% and 50% in the ratio of mass is demonstrated. Results of engineering properties such as compressive strength,Young’s modulus, tensile strength, unit weight, water absorption capacity and coefficient of hydraulic conductivity are depicted. It is observed that the use of shell husk in concrete improves strength and durability performance of concrete treated in aggressive sea environments.

Share and Cite:

Hossain, M. (2013) Waste Shell Husks Concrete: Durability, Permeability and Mechanical Properties. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 1, 61-66. doi: 10.4236/jbcpr.2013.13009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] I. Wang, S. Takamura, M. Nakamura and Y. Tsukinaga, “A Study on the Ratio and Composition of the Porous Concrete Containing Shells,” Transactions of Cement and Concrete, Vol. 57, 2003, pp. 572-577 (In Japanese).
[2] M. Delwar, M. Fahmy and R. Taha, “Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavements as an Aggregate in Portland Cement Concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 94, No. 3, 1997, pp. 251-256.
[3] Y. Kansai, “Demolition and Reuse of Concrete Masonry,” Proceedings RILEM Symposium, Tokyo, Chapman and Hall, 7-11 November 1988, p. 774.
[4] T. C. Hansen, “Recycled Aggregates and Recycled-Aggregates Concrete, State-of-the-Art Report Developments 1945-1985,” RILEM Technical Committee 37-DRC, Material Structures, Vol. 19, No. 11, 1986, pp. 20-46.
[5] K. A. Rim, A. Ledhem, O. Douzane, R. M. Dheilly and M. Queneudec, “Influence of the Proportion of Wood on the Thermal and Mechanical Performances of Clay-Cement-Wood Composites,” Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1999, pp. 269-276. doi:10.1016/S0958-9465(99)00008-6
[6] A. Ajdukiewicz and A. Kliszczewicz, “Influence of Recycled Aggregates on the Mechanical Properties of HS/ HPC,” Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2002, pp. 269-279. doi:10.1016/S0958-9465(01)00012-9
[7] N. Banthia and C. Chan, “Use of Recycled Aggregate in plain and Fiber Reinforced Shot Crete,” Concrete International: Design and Construction, American Concrete Institute, Vol. 22, No. 6, 2000, pp. 41-46.
[8] K. K. Sagoecrentsil, T. Brown and A. H. Taylor, “Performance of Concrete Made with Commercially Produced Coarse Recycled Concrete Aggregate,” Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 31, No. 5, 2001, pp. 707-712. doi:10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00476-2
[9] M. Z. Hossain and S. Inoue, “Finite Element Analysis of Thin Panels Reinforced with a Square Mesh,” Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2002, pp. 109-125.
[10] D. C. Stahl, G. Skoraczewski and B. Stempski, “Light Weight Concrete Masonry with Recycled Wood Aggregate,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2002, pp. 116-121. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2002)14:2(116)
[11] T. Yamauchi, H. Sahara and K. Kudo, “On the Use of Hotate Shells as Concrete Aggregates,” Proceedings of the 60th Technical Conference of Civil Engineering, Tokyo, 7-9 September 2005, pp. 435-437 (in Japanese).
[12] S. T. Frondistou-Yannas, “Waste Concrete as Aggregate for New Concrete,” ACI Journal, Vol. 74, No. 8, 1977, pp. 373-376.
[13] T. C. Hansen and E. Boegh, “Elasticity and Drying Shrinkage of Recycled Aggregate Concrete,” ACI Journal, Vol. 82, No. 5, 1985, pp. 648-652.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.