The changes on intimate partner violence against women in the health system in Portugal


In Portugal, over the last 20 years, we have seen great strides in addressing intimate partner violence against women by their male partners. Measuring and understanding progress, and achieving sustainable systems change is a major challenge and to achieve this aim we need to identify events, persons and settings that contribute for the critical factors that create long term transformations in the systems and the creation of new resources [1]. Since the healthcare system is one of the main actors of intervention with survivors, the goal of this project was to interview key stakeholders from the healthcare system in order to understand the main changes they perceive have happened over the past two decades. Based on interviews with key stakeholders, our study explores the evidences of the changes that occurred in the healthcare system, the intersections with other systems and their visions for the future.

Share and Cite:

Cardoso, R. and Ornelas, J. (2013) The changes on intimate partner violence against women in the health system in Portugal. Health, 5, 65-70. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.57A4010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Campbell, R., Patterson, D. and Cabral, G. (2010) Using ecological theory to evaluate the effectiveness of an indigenous community intervention: A study of sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) programs. American Journal of Community Psychology, 46, 263-276. doi:10.1007/s10464-010-9339-4
[2] Goodman, L. and Smyth, K. (2011) A call for a social network-oriented approach for survivor of intimate partner violence. Psychology of Violence, 1, 79-92. doi:10.1037/a0022977
[3] Shepard, M. (2005) Twenty years of progress in addressing intimate partner violence: An agenda for the next 10. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 436-441. doi:10.1177/0886260504267879
[4] Allen, N., Bybee, D. and Sullivan, C. (2004) Battered women’s multitude of needs. Violence against Women, 10, 1015-1035. doi:10.1177/1077801204267658
[5] Kreger, M., Brindis, C., Manuel, D. and Sassoubre, L. (2007) Lessons learned in systems change initiatives: Benchmarks and indicators. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39, 301-320. doi:10.1007/s10464-007-9108-1
[6] Sá Dias, I. (2000) Violência Doméstica em Portugal: Contributos para a sua Visibilidade. Actas do IV Congresso de Sociologia—Sociedade Portuguesa: Passados Recentes, Futuros Próximos. Consultado em 16 de Novembro de 2010.
[7] Usdin, S., Scheepers, E., Goldstein, S. and Japhet, G. (2005). Achieving social change on gender based violence: A report on the impact evaluation of soul city’s fourth series. Social Science & Medicine, 61, 243-244. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.04.035
[8] WHO (2002) World report on violence and health. World Health Organization, Geneva.
[9] Allen, N., Lehrmer, A. and Mattisson, E. (2007) Promoting systems change in the healthcare response to intimate partner violence. Journal of Community Psychology, 35, 103-120.
[10] Javdani, S., Allen, N., Todd, N. and Anderson, C. (2010) Changes in the response to Intimate partner violence: Innovative aplications of multilevel modeling. Violence against Women, 17, 359-375.
[11] Kelly, J. (2006) Becoming ecological: An expedition into commmunity psycology. Oxford University Press, New York. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173796.001.0001
[12] Foster-Fishman, P., Nowell, B. and Yang, H. (2007) Putting the system back into systems change: A framework for understanding and changing organizational and community systems. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39, 197-215. doi:10.1007/s10464-007-9109-0
[13] Behrens, T. and Foster-Fishman, P. (2007) Developing operating principles for systems change. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39, 411-414. doi:10.1007/s10464-007-9106-3
[14] Lehner, A. and Allen, N. (2009) Still a movement after all these years? Violence against Women, 15, 656-677. doi:10.1177/1077801209332185
[15] Bardin, L. (2006) Análise de Conteúdo. Lisboa, Edicoes.
[16] Lehner, A. and Allen, N. (2008) Social change movements and the struggle over meaning-making: A case study of domestic violence narratives. American Journal of Community Psychology, 42, 220-234.
[17] Barros, P.P., Lisboa, M., Cerejo, D. and Barrenho, E. (2008) Health care costs of domestic violence against women—Evidence from Portugal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.1160306

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.