Preliminary Exploration of Copper Minerals in Jebal Barez Mountains, Iran


Urumieh-Dokhtar Magmatic Arc (UDMA) is known as a belt with copper and some other metal deposits. The study area is a part of Jebal Barez Mountains located in southeastern of the belt in Iran. Two types of deposits are known in the belt. Semicircular patterns of altered rocks associated with Eocene to Miocene intrusive rocks are known as porphyry copper deposits and linear altered rock patterns associated with extensive faults or dikes indicate potential epithermal or polymetalic vein deposits. In order to clarify the relationship between faults and mineralization, at first alteration zones have been mapped by using remote sensing methods. Then by geological maps and satellites images, most of faults have been revealed and mapped. Based on calculated photolineament factors in smaller districts, a contouring map was drawn. Although assumed faults are pathways for hydrothermal fluid, in regional scale because of difference of geometry, kinematic and timing of faults, all of them have not the same value for mineralization but insist on density of faults and value of photolineament factors can be more useful for preliminary exploration of copper minerals.

Share and Cite:

M. Mahmoodi, A. Bahroudi, M. Ghorbani and M. Arian, "Preliminary Exploration of Copper Minerals in Jebal Barez Mountains, Iran," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 201-208. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.33023.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] K. C. Hardcastle, “Correlation of Lineament and Fracture Fabric in the Piedmon: Implication for the Study of Fractured Bedrock Aquifers,” East Geological Society of America, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1992, p. 19.
[2] M. Alavi, “Tectonostratigraphic Evolution of the Zagros-Sides of Iran,” Geology, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1980, pp. 144-149. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1980)8<144:TEOTZO>2.0.CO;2
[3] F. Berberian, I. D. Muir, R. J. Pankurst and M. Berberian, “Late Cretaceous and Early Miocene Andean-Type Plutonic Activity in Northern Makran and Central Iran,” Journal of Geological Society of London, Vol. 139, No. 5, 1982, pp. 605-614. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.139.5.0605
[4] S. Dargahi, M. Arvin, Y. Pan and A. Babaei, “Petro Genesis of Post-Coalitional A-Type Granitoids from the Urumieh-Dokhtar Magmatic Assemblage, Southwestern Kerman, Iran: Constraints on the Arabian-Eurasian Continental Collision,” Lithos, Vol. 115, No. 1-4, 2010, pp. 190-204. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2009.12.002
[5] V. Regard, O. Bellier, J. C. Thomas, M. R. Abbassi, J. Mercier, E. Shabanian, K. Feghhi and S. Soleimani, “Accommodation of Arabia-Eurasia Convergence in the Zagros-Makran Transfer Zone, SE Iran: A Transitional between Collision and Subduction through a Young Deforming System,” Tectonics, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2004, 24p.
[6] R. Walker and J. Jackson, “Offset and Evolution of the Gowk Fault, SE Iran: A Major Intra-Continental Strike-Slip System,” Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 24, No. 11, 2002, pp. 1677-1698. doi:10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00170-5
[7] V. Grabeljsek, S. Cvetic and M. N. Dimitrijevic, “Geological Map of Iran Sheet 747-Sabzevaran,” Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1972.
[8] N. Valeh, “Geological Map of Iran Sheet 7647 Jebal Barez,” Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1972.
[9] D. P. Cox and D. A. Singer, “Mineral Deposit Models,” US Geological Survey Bulletin, Vol. 125, 1963, pp. 145-167.
[10] I. Di Tommaso and N. Rubinstein, “Hydrothermal Alteration Mapping Using ASTER Data in the Infernillo Porphyry Deposit, Argentina,” Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 275-290.
[11] H. Fujisada, A. Iwasaki and S. Hara, “ASTER Stereo System Performance,” Proceeding of SPIE, Vol. 4540, International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, 2001, pp. 39-49.
[12] M. J. Abrams, D. Brown, L. Lepley and R. Sadowski, “Remote Sensing of Porphyry Deposits in Southern Arizona,” Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geology, Vol. 78, No. 4, 1983, pp. 591-604
[13] D. M. Spatz and R. T. Wilson, “Remote Sensing Characteristics of Porphyry Copper System, Western America Cordillera,” In: F. W. Pierce and J. C. Bolm, Eds., Arizona Geological Society Digest, Vol. 20, Arizona Geological Society, Tucson, 1995, pp. 94-108
[14] R. N. Clark, G. A. Swayze, A. Gallagher, T. V. V. King and W. M. Calvin, “The US Geological Survey, Digital Spectral Library: Version 1:0.2 to 3.0 Microns: US Geological Survey, 1993b,” Open File Report 93-592, 1340p. http//
[15] J. C. Mars and L. C. Rowan, “Regional Mapping of Phylic and Argillic-Altered Rock in the Zagros Magmatic Arc, Iran, Using Advanced Space Borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Data and Logical Operator Algorithm,” Journal of Geosphere, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2006, pp. 161-186.
[16] H. Ranjbar, H. Shahriari and M. Honarmand, “Integration of ASTER and Airborne Geophysical Data for Exploration of Copper Mineralization. A Case Study of Sarcheshme Area,” 20th International Society for Photogrammetric and Remote Sensing Congress, Istanbul, 12-23 July 2004, pp. 701-706.
[17] J. I. Trippe and J. R. Verncombe, “Fault/Fracture Density and Mineralization: A Contouring Method for Targeting in Gold Exploration,” Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 26, No. 6-7, 2004, pp. 1087-1108.
[18] R. H. Sibson and J. Scott, “Stress/Fault Controls on the Containment and Release of Over-Pressured Fluids: Examples from Gold-Quartz Vein System in Juneau, Alaska, Victoria, Australia and Otego, New Zealand,” Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 1-5, 1998, pp. 293-306. doi:10.1016/S0169-1368(97)00023-1
[19] R. H. Sibson, F. Robert and K. H. Paulsen, “High Angle Reverse Faults, Fluid-Pressure Cycling and Mesothermal Gold-Quartz Deposits,” Geology, Vol. 16, No. 6, 1988, pp. 551-555. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0551:HARFFP>2.3.CO;2
[20] S. J. Martel, “Mechanical Controls on Fault Geometry,” Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 21, No. 6, 1999, pp. 585-596. doi:10.1016/S0191-8141(99)00054-1

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.