Design, Simulation & Optimization of 2D Photonic Crystal Power Splitter


A very compact (80 - 100 μm2) integrated power splitting devices with two outputs (1 × 2), four outputs (1 × 4) and six outputs (1 × 6) channel has been designed, simulated and optimized for Telecommunication purpose with T-Junction, Y-Junction, PC line defect waveguides integrated with multimode interference block (PCLD-MMI) and multiple line defect PC waveguides (MLDPCW) configurations. The optical modeling of these proposed structures was investigated by finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation. With the optimization of the parameters (Hole Radius, R = 0.128 μm, Input Diameter, D = 1.02 μm, Input wavelength, λ = 1.55 μm, Substrate Reflective Index, nsub = Si(1.52), Photonic Crystal Material, npcs = InAs(3.45), and Rectangular crystal structure), 1 × 2 for Y-Junction (100%), 1 × 4 for T-Junction (92.8%) and 1 × 6 configuration for MLDPCW (81%) show maximum power transmission.

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R. Ahmed, M. Khan, R. Ahmmed and A. Ahad, "Design, Simulation & Optimization of 2D Photonic Crystal Power Splitter," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 3 No. 2A, 2013, pp. 13-19. doi: 10.4236/opj.2013.32A002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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