Influence of Organic Manures on Yield and Quality of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) in Rice-Blackgram Cropping Sequence


Field experiments were conducted at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during rabi and summer seasons of 2007-2008 and 2008-2009 to study the influence of organic manures (enriched farmyard manure compost, vermicompost, farmyard manure + neem cake, enriched farmyard manure compost + vermicompost + farmyard manure, composted poultry manure and enriched poultry manure compost) and recommended NPK fertilizers on yield and quality of rice and blackgram in rice-blackgram cropping sequence. Based on field experiments, it was found that the application of enriched poultry manure compost on equal N basis (2.3 t·ha-1) recorded higher yield attributes and grain yield of rice (4675 kg·ha-1 in 2007 and 4953 kg·ha-1 in 2008), which was however comparable with composted poultry manure. The application of recommended NPK fertilizers recorded higher physical characteristics and cooking qualities of rice, which was comparable with enriched poultry manure compost. Higher sensory score was registered in enriched poultry manure compost as compared to recommended NPK through fertilizers. After harvesting of rice, the residual effect of enriched poultry manure compost and composted poultry manure applied to preceding rice crop improved yield attributes and yield of succeeding blackgram.

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S. Sangeetha, A. Balakrishnan and P. Devasenapathy, "Influence of Organic Manures on Yield and Quality of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) in Rice-Blackgram Cropping Sequence," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2013, pp. 1151-1157. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.45141.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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