Comparison between Composite Column Using Limestone and Basalt Concrete


This research is conducted to study the experimental behavior of composite steel-concrete columns with basalt additives. Various percentages of basalt are added to the concrete mixes to investigate its effect on the total axial compressive capacity of the columns. Expected failure scenarios of the columns are: concrete compressive failure, buckling of steel section, and de-bonding between steel and concrete sections. A conventional limestone composite column was used as base mix. The results of the study indicate a significant improvement in structural behavior and strength of the columns by increasing the percentage of basalt content.

Share and Cite:

H. Al-Baijat and A. Benedetti, "Comparison between Composite Column Using Limestone and Basalt Concrete," Open Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2013.31001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] I. M. Viest, “Review of Research on Composite Steel- Concrete Construction,” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 86, No. ST6, 1960, pp. 1-21; Also Transactions on ASCE, Partii, Vol. 126, 1961, pp. 1101-1123.
[2] I. M. Asi, “Evaluating Skid Resistance of Different Asphalt Concrete Mixes,” Building and Environment Journal, 2005, in press.
[3] Ministry of Public Works and Housing, “Specifications for Highway and Bridge Construction, Vol. II,” Ministry of Public Works and Housing of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 1991.
[4] H. M. O. Al-Baijat, “The Use of Basalt Aggregates in Concrete Mixes in Jordan,” Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008, pp. 63-70.
[5] K. Ibrahim, “The Geological Framework for the Harrat Ash-Shaam Basaltic Super-Group and Its Volcanotectonic Evolution,” Natural Resources Authority, 1993, 33 p.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.