Innovative Use of Light-Weight Radioisotopes in Therapeutics and the Engineering of Light-Power Generators


Light weight radioisotope (LWR) 89Sr and 90Sr could be obtained from used rods in fission atomic plants. The economics of the disposal of nuclear bars indicate the convenience to develop added value applications. The difference in t1/2 allows 89Sr to deliver its energy at a rate 200 times higher than 90Sr. A large emission number of low penetrating power particles in a short time characterize 89Sr, which allows that these highly radioactive LWR involves a rather limited danger. Chemical similitude of calcium and strontium uptake has led to the use of 89Sr in treatment of bone cancer metastasis. 89Sr damages animal tissues because ionize water, but penetrates through the skin about: 5 to 8 mm. Hence, to obtain it in insoluble form, like obtaining 89Sr silicate, could make possible its wider use. Purifying 89Sr from contaminant 90Sr allows that after one year do not leave any contamination. LWR could be covered with scintillators substances, which by subtracting kinetic energy from beta-radiation, emit light and function as a major source of shielding. This treatment engineers Radioisotope Light Generators (RLG). Their light could activate photovoltaic cells (PV), which could lead to nano-devices without moving parts RLG-PV.

Share and Cite:

A. Bennun, "Innovative Use of Light-Weight Radioisotopes in Therapeutics and the Engineering of Light-Power Generators," Open Journal of Biophysics, Vol. 3 No. 1A, 2013, pp. 86-90. doi: 10.4236/ojbiphy.2013.31A011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] National Nuclear Data Center, “NuDat 2.1 Database,” Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York, 2005.
[2] K. Krane, “Introductory Nuclear Physics,” 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 1987.
[3] M. F. L’Annunziata, “Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis,” Academic Press, San Diego, 2003.
[4] S. L. Turner, S. Gruenewald, N. Spry, V. Gebski and on Behalf of the Metastron, “Less Pain Does Equal Better Quality of Life Following Strontium-89 Therapy for Metastatic Prostate Cancer,” British Journal of Cancer, Vol. 84, No. 3, 2001, pp. 297-302. doi:10.1054/bjoc.2000.1610
[5] A. Rytz, “Recommended Energy and Intensity Values of Alpha Particles from Radioactive Decay,” Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, Vol. 47, No. 2, 1991, pp. 205-239. doi:10.1016/0092-640X(91)90002-L
[6] N. F. Mott and H. S. W. Massey, “The Theory of Atomic Collisions,” Clarendon, Oxford, 1933.
[7] G. F. Knoll, “Radiation Detection and Measurement,” John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 2010.
[8] H. Nakamura, Y. Shirakawa, S. Takahashi and H. Shimizu, “Evidence of Deep-Blue Photon Emission at High Efficiency by Common Plastic,” Europhysics Letters, Vol. 95, No. 2, 2011, Article ID: 22001. doi:10.1209/0295-5075/95/22001
[9] C. H. Zheng, C. G. Hu, X. Y. Chen, H. Liu, Y. F. Xiong, J. Xu, B. Y. Wan and L. Y. Huang, “Raspite PbWO4 Nanobelts: Synthesis and Properties,” CrystEngComm, Vol. 12, No. 10, 2010, pp. 3277-3282. doi:10.1039/c004327c
[10] S. W. Moser, W. F. Harder, C. R. Hurlbut and M. R. Kusner, “Principles and Practice of Plastic Scintillator Design,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 41, No. 1-2, 1993, pp. 31-36. doi:10.1016/0969-806X(93)90039-W.
[11] M. J. Berger, J. S. Coursey, M. A. Zucker and J. Chang, “ESTAR, PSTAR, and ASTAR: Computer Programs for Calculating Stopping-Power and Range Tables for Electrons, Protons, and Helium Ions (version 1.2.3),” National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, 2005.
[12] J. L. Nogues, S. Majewski, J. K. Walker, et al., “Fast, Radiation-Hard Scintillating Detector: A Potential Application for Sol-Gel Glass,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 71, No. 12, 1988, pp. 1159-1163. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1988.tb05809.x
[13] P. A. Tick, “Water Durable Glasses with Ultra Low Melting Temperature,” Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1984, pp. 149-154.
[14] W. R. Tompkin, R. W. Boyd, D. W. Hall and P. A. Tick, “Nonlinear-Optical Properties of Lead-Tin Fluorophospate Glass Containing Acridine Dyes,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 4, No. 6, 1987, pp. 1030-1034. doi:10.1364/JOSAB.4.001030
[15] S. V. Gapoinenko, V. P. Gribkovskii, L. G. Zimin, et al., “Nonlinear Phenomena of Acridine Orange in Inorganic Glass at Nanosecond Scale,” Optical Materials, Vol. 104, No. 12, 1993, pp. 53-58.
[16] H. Zhao, W. Zhou, D. Zhu and J. Wu, “Synthesis and Characterization of Low Melting Scintillating Glass Doped with Organic Activator,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, Vol. 448, No. 3, 2000, pp. 39-42. doi:10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00286-2
[17] X. Wang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang and C. G. Hu, “Temperature Driven In-Situ Phase Transformation of PbWO4 Nanobelts,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, No. 12, 2011, Article ID: 124309. doi:10.1063/1.3601500
[18] J. Geng, D. J. Lu, J.-J. Zhu and H.-Y. Chen, “Antimony (III)-Doped PbWO4 Crystals with Enhanced Photoluminescence via a Shape-Controlled Sonochemical Route,” J. Phys. Chem. B, Vol. 110, No. 28, 2006, pp. 13777-13785. doi:10.1021/jp057562v
[19] A. O. M. Stoppani, E. H. Ramos, I. Widuczynski, A. Bennun and E. M. De Pahn, “The Effect of 2,4-Dinitrophenol on the Oxidation of Endogenous and Exogenous Substrates by the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae,” In: C. M. Fried, et al., Eds., Use of Radioisotopes in Animal Biology and the Medical Sciences, Vol. 1, Academic Press, London, 1962, pp. 241-252.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.