Re-expansion pulmonary edema in a boy with spontaneous pneumothorax during an influenza B virus infection


Re-expansion Pulmonary Edema (RPE) is an uncommon complication following rapid re-expansion of the lungs, and the most common disorder associated with RPE is spontaneous pneumothorax. The majority of patients with RPE associated with pneumothorax have been adults; only 4 cases have been reported in children. We present a patient who developed RPE after treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax that occurred during an influenza B virus infection. His condition improved only with oxygen supplementation and intravenous corticosteroids. Infection with influenza B virus leads to increased production of lung epithelial oxidants, which might have contributed to the development of RPE in our patient.

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Watanabe, T. (2012) Re-expansion pulmonary edema in a boy with spontaneous pneumothorax during an influenza B virus infection. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 2, 261-263. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2012.24042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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