Effectiveness of Salsa, Sabor y Salud Program and the Impact of a Salsa, Sabor y Salud Maintenance Program on Outcome Measures


Chronic diseases in the United States are disproportionately higher in the Hispanic population. A significant factor in the high prevalence of chronic disease in Hispanics may be their overweight or obese status. Intervention strategies are imperative if this trend is to be reversed. Researchers have found that culturally sensitive health programs for the Hispanic population have a higher success rate, but very few of these programs are available. One culturally sensitive health program in particular that has had a lot of positive feedback is the Salsa, Sabor y Salud (SSS) program. Although research has shown that SSS is a successful program, SSS has not had a maintenance program to date. Health maintenance programs are essential for people to retain information and to continue the practice of skills needed to live healthy lifestyles. Research has shown that health program participants will revert to their old behaviors within five years time. Recent studies suggest that these reversions can be avoided with a health maintenance program. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the SSS program and the impact of a Salsa, Sabor y Salud Maintenance (SSSM) program on outcome measures. In both the SSS and SSSM program the participants increased nutrient dense food consumption and chose lower fat options for food. The participants in both programs had a significant increase in overall knowledge of nutritious eating habits and the benefits of physical activity as well. With the addition of the SSSM program participants reported an increase in fruit and vegetable intake, and food label reading when shopping, which was not seen in the SSS program alone. This study further confirms the SSS program improves healthy lifestyle choices based on measured outcomes, but it also provides evidence that the SSSM program significantly enhances positive health outcomes.

Share and Cite:

Fox, S. & Bennett, V. (2012). Effectiveness of Salsa, Sabor y Salud Program and the Impact of a Salsa, Sabor y Salud Maintenance Program on Outcome Measures. Creative Education, 3, 721-728. doi: 10.4236/ce.2012.36107.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Anderson, J. W., Konz, E. C., Frederich, R. C., & Wood, C. L. (2001). Long-term weight-loss maintenance: A meta-analysis of US studies. American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 47, 579-584.
[2] Barrera, R., Garza, J., Guido, C., Leija, M., Lester, M., Lobo, B. et al. (2002). Salsa, Sabor y Salud: A healthy lifestyles program for young Latinos. Facilitators Guide Los Ninos Y Los Chicos. San Antonio: National Latino Children’s Institute, Kraft Foods Corporations.
[3] Bennett, V. A., & Sundsmo-Switzer, C. (2011). Outcome measures of a family-based education approach with Mexican immigrants in the Yakima Valley. Creative Education, 2, 103-107. Hdoi:10.4236/ce.2011.24052
[4] Blackburn, M. L., Townsend, M. S., Kaiser, L. L., Martin, A. C., West, E. A., Turner, B. J., & Joy, A. B. (2006). Food behavior checklist effectively evaluates nutrition education. California Agriculture, 60, 20-24. Hdoi:10.3733/ca.v060n01p20
[5] Brown, S. A., Kouzekanani, K., Garcia, A. A., & Hanis, C. L. (2002). Culturally competent diabetes self-management education for Mexican Americans. Diabetes Care, 25, 259-268. Hdoi:10.2337/diacare.25.2.259
[6] Caballero, A. E., & Tenzer, P. (2007). Building cultural competency for improved diabetes care: Latino Americans and diabetes. Journal of Family Practice, 56, S21-S30.
[7] Carels, R. A., Konrad, K., Young, K. M., Darby, L. A., Coit, C., Clayton, A. M., & Oemig, C. K. (2008). Taking control of your personal eating and exercise environment: A weight maintenance program. Eating Behaviors, 9, 228-237. Hdoi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.09.003
[8] Collins, C. E., Morgan, J. P., Jones, P., Fletcher, K., Martin, J., Aguirar, E. J., & Callister, R. (2010). Evaluation of a commerical web-based weight loss and weight loss maintenance program in overweight and obese adults: A randomized controlled trail. BMC Public Health, 10, 1-8. Hdoi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-669
[9] Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., & Ogden, C. L. (2010). Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. Journal of the American Medical Association, 303, 235-241. Hdoi:10.1001/jama.2009.2014
[10] Fryar, C. D., Wright, J. D., Eberhardt, M. S., & Dye, B. A. (2012). Trends in nutrient intakes and chronic health conditions among Mexican-American adults, a 25 year profile: United States, 1982- 2006. National Health Statistics Reports, 1, 1-20.
[11] Franz, M. J., VanWormer, J. J., Crain, A. L., Boucher, J. L., Histon, T., Caplan, W., & Pronk, N. P. (2007). Weight-loss outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of weight-loss clinical trials with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Journal of American Dietetic Association, 107, 1755-1767. Hdoi:10.1016/j.jada.2007.07.017
[12] Gilmer, T. P., Philis-Tsimikas, A., & Walker, C. (2005). Outcomes of project dulce: A culturally specific diabetes management program. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 39, 817-822. Hdoi:10.1345/aph.1E583
[13] Gordon, T. A. (2004). Recipe for good living. Hispanic, 17, 84.
[14] Harvey-Berino, J., Pintauro, S., Buzzell, P., DiGiulio, M., Gold, B. C., Moldovan, C., & Ramirez, E. (2002). Does using the internet facilitate the maintenance of weight loss? International Journal of Obesity, 26, 1254-1260. Hdoi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802051
[15] Lean, M. J. (2011). Management of obesity and overweight. Medicine, 39, 32-38. Hdoi:10.1016/j.mpmed.2010.10.003
[16] Lopez-Quintero, C., Berry, E. M., & Neumark, Y. (2009). Limited English proficiency is a barrier to receipt of advice about physical activity and diet among Hispanics with chronic diseases in the United States. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109, 1769-1774. Hdoi:10.1016/j.jada.2009.07.003
[17] Murphy, S., Kaiser, L. L., Townsend, M. S., & Allen, L. (2001). Evaluation of validity of items in a food behavior checklist. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 101, 751-756, 761. Hdoi:10.1016/S0002-8223(01)00189-4
[18] Townsend, M. S., Kaiser, L. L., Allen, L. H., Joy, A. B., & Murphy, S. P. (2003). Selecting items for a food behavior checklist for a limited resource audience. Journal of Nutrition Education & Be-havior, 35, 69-82. Hdoi:10.1016/S1499-4046(06)60043-2
[19] Townsend, M. S., Sylva, K., Martin, A., Metz, D., & Wooten-Swanson, P. (2008). Improving readability of an evaluation tools for low-in- come clients using visual information processing theories. Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior, 40, 181-186. Hdoi:10.1016/j.jneb.2007.06.011
[20] Wang, Y., Beydoun, M. A., Liang, L., Caballero, B., & Kumanyika, K. (2008). Will all Americans become overweight or obese? Estimating the progression and cost of the US obesity epidemic. Obesity, 16, 2323-2330. Hdoi:10.1038/oby.2008.351
[21] Wilfley, D. E., Stein, R. L., Saelens, B. E., Mockus, D. S., Matt, G. E., Hayden-Wade, H. A., & Epstein, L. H. (2007). Efficacy of maintenance treatment approaches for childhood overweight. Journal of the American Medical Association, 298, 1661-1673. Hdoi:10.1001/jama.298.14.1661
[22] Wilkerson, J. (2008). Ten-year homeless plan: 2008 annual report. Washington: Community, Trade, and Economic Development. URL (last checked 25 February 2012). http://www.commerce.wa.gov/desktopmodules/ctedpublications/ctedpublicationsview.aspx?tabid=0&itemid=6803&mid=870&wversion= staging

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.